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Table 3 Signs and symptoms of children with presumptive tuberculosis by gender, recorded by private health care providers in 12 selected districts in Pakistan, 2016

From: How do private practitioners in Pakistan manage children suspected having tuberculosis? A cross sectional study

History and investigations Total Female Male p-value
n(%) n(%) n(%)
Total All presumptive cases 6519 2320 4199  
Chest Cough more than two weeks 6006 (92.1) 2102 (90.6) 3904 (93.0) 0.001
Failure to thrive 4210 (64.8) 1644 (70.9) 2566 (61.1) < 0.0001
Systemic Fever 5794 (89.0) 2039 (87.9) 3755 (89.4) 0.075
Loss of body weight 504 (7.7) 196 (8.4) 308 (7.3) 0.110
Enlarged cervical lymph nodes 785 (12.1) 322 (13.8) 463 (11.0) 0.001
BCG scar absent 1843 (28.2) 742 (32.0) 1101 (26.2) < 0.0001
Meningitis Signs of slow onset meningitisa 658 (10.1) 228 (9.8) 430 (10.2) 0.607
Contacts Known pulmonary tuberculosis patient 778 (11.9) 258 (11.1) 520 (12.4) 0.121
  1. aSymptoms regarded as slow meningitis include headache, vomiting, irritability, lethargy, neck stiffness, bulging fontanella, coma