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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of study sample across self-rated health

From: Personal social capital and self-rated health among middle-aged and older adults: a cross-sectional study exploring the roles of leisure-time physical activity and socioeconomic status

Characteristics Total Self-rated health P-value a
Good Not good
N (%) 662 506 (76.4) 156 (23.6)  
Gender (n, %)     .282
 Male 155 (23.4) 113 (72.9) 42 (27.1)  
 Female 507 (76.6) 393 (77.5) 114 (22.5)  
Age (n, %)     .070
 < 60 years 363 (54.8) 267 (73.6) 96 (26.4)  
 ≥ 60 years 299 (45.2) 239 (79.9) 60 (20.1)  
Race/ethnicity (n, %)     .764
 Non-Hispanic White 563 (85.0) 432 (76.7) 131 (23.3)  
 Others 99 (15.0) 74 (74.7) 25 (25.3)  
Marital status (n, %)     .278
 Married or partnership 375 (56.7) 293 (78.1) 82 (21.9)  
 Single or no partnership 287 (43.4) 213 (74.2) 74 (25.8)  
Chronic diseases (n, %) b     <.001
 No 298 (45.1) 264 (88.6) 34 (11.4)  
 Yes, one 226 (34.1) 173 (76.5) 53 (23.5)  
 Yes, one or more 138 (20.8) 69 (50.0) 69 (50.0)  
LTPA (n, %)     <.001
 No-LTPA 244 (36.8) 171 (70.1) 73 (29.9)  
 < 600 MET-mins/wk 158 (23.8) 114 (72.2) 44 (27.8)  
 ≥ 600 MET-mins/wk 260 (39.4) 221 (85.0) 39 (15.0)  
Education (n, %) c     <.001
 Low 134 (20.3) 95 (70.9) 39 (29.1)  
 Middle 257 (38.8) 185 (72.0) 72 (28.0)  
 High 271 (40.9) 226 (83.4) 45 (16.6)  
Household income (n, %) d     <.001
 Low 200 (30.2) 131 (65.5) 69 (34.5)  
 Middle 252 (38.1) 191 (75.8) 61 (24.2)  
 High 210 (31.7) 184 (87.6) 26 (12.4)  
  1. LTPA Leisure-time physical activity, MET Metabolic equivalent task
  2. aP-value from the x2 test of independence
  3. bCategorization was based on the response to the history of chronic diseases they have ever confirmed by health professionals including stroke, asthma, cancer, arthritis, diabetes, and kidney diseases
  4. clow (‘high school degree’ or below), middle (‘some college credit, no degree’ and ‘associate degree’), and high (‘bachelor’s degree’ or above)
  5. dlow (<35k), middle (35k to <75k), andhigh (≥75k)