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Table 2 Prevalence of Anemia by characteristics for women 15–49 years of age in 2005, 2010, and 2015 cycles of demographic health surveys

From: Intersection of HIV and Anemia in women of reproductive age: a 10-year analysis of three Zimbabwe demographic health surveys, 2005–2015

Characteristic 2005, N = 7634 p-value 2010 (N = 8169) p-value 2015 (N = 9235) p-value
Overall, n; %(se) 2882; 37.8 (0.96)   2305; 28.2 (0.65)   2474; 26.8 (0.64)  
Age, n; %(se)
 15–19 634; 34.5 (1.35) < 0.001 443; 25.7 (1.11) 0.3031 546; 26.5 (1.16) 0.1956
 20–24 552; 33.5 (1.37) 470; 28.5 (1.24) 401; 25.4 (1.26)
 25–29 469; 37.1 (2.18) 439; 29.0 (1.32) 400; 25.9 (1.33)
 30–34 434; 41.3 (1.80) 318; 27.9 (1.46) 384; 25.6 (1.51)
 35–39 299; 41.7 (2.01) 271; 29.0 (1.60) 323; 28.7 (1.45)
 40–44 262; 44.2 (2.61) 200; 30.4 (1.94) 260; 29.0 (1.69)
 45–49 231; 44.3 (3.27) 164; 29.7 (2.42) 160; 30.3 (2.22)
HIV Status n; %(se)
 HIV positive 841; 54.1 (1.40) < 0.001 610; 43.5 (1.46) < 0.001 657; 43.7 (1.76) < 0.001
 HIV negative 1949; 33.2 (1.20)   1590; 24.5 (0.69)   1759; 23.4 (0.60)  
BMI level, n; %(se)
 < 18 175; 41.4 (3.46) 0.0422 94; 28.3 (2.44) < 0.001 90; 28.0 (2.60) 0.0236
 18- < 25 2029; 38.8 (1.01) 1565; 30.0 (0.80) 1567; 27.9 (0.79)
 25- < 30 458; 34.4 (1.44) 455; 25.8 (1.19) 550; 25.6 (1.23)
 > =30 215; 33.6 (3.14) 184; 22.1 (1.57) 261; 23.4 (1.36)
Wealth Index, n; %(se)
 Poorest 568; 40.2 (2.59) 0.0696 398; 28.0 (1.69) 0.4552 433; 27.1 (1.32) 0.0282
 Poorer 460; 34.1 (1.59) 393; 27.2 (1.33) 366; 23.0 (1.22)  
 Middle 507; 36.3 (1.44) 411; 26.7 (1.37) 444; 26.7 (1.38)  
 Richer 668; 40.1 (1.60) 535; 29.7 (1.18) 612; 28.6 (1.38)  
 Richest 679; 37.5 (1.44) 567; 29.0 (1.18) 619; 27.6 (1.00)  
Pregnant/breast-feeding, n; %(se)
 No 2093; 37.3 (0.90) 0.1642 1632; 28.2 (0.71) 0.9818 1901; 27.1 (0.72) 0.2981
 Yes 789; 39.1 (1.59)   673; 28.2 (1.28)   573; 25.9 (1.05)  
Iron in pregnancy, n; %(se)
 No 2309; 38.0 (0.92) 0.3892 1789; 29.0 (0.74) 0.0159 1509; 28.8 (0.85) < 0.001
 Yes 573; 36.7 (1.74)   515; 25.7 (1.20)   965; 24.2 (0.83)  
Location, n; %(se)
 Urban 1074;38.9 (1.22) 0.3455 915; 30.6 (0.98) 0.0046 995; 28.7 (1.10) 0.0221
 Rural 1808; 37.1 (1.37)   1389; 26.9 (0.87)   1480; 25.6 (0.78)  
Province, n; %(se)
 Manicaland 269; 30.7 (2.25) < 0.001 335; 30.7 (2.10) < 0.001 250; 21.7 (1.59) < 0.001
 Mashonaland Central 242; 37.1 (2.18) 184; 23.2 (2.55) 199; 23.5 (1.99)
 Mashonaland East 221; 33.6 (2.57) 222; 29.4 (2.06) 193; 22.3 (1.57)
 Mashonaland West 263; 37.8 (1.92) 205; 22.2 (1.54) 278; 25.9 (1.97)
 Matebeleland North 168; 35.7 (2.24) 109; 26.7 (2.39) 117; 25.9 (2.45)
 Matebeleland South 165; 45.0 (2.91) 191; 44.6 (2.35) 173; 43.1 (1.88)
 Midlands 425; 37.7 (1.84) 309; 29.9 (1.97) 367; 31.2 (2.29)
 Masvingo 496; 47.5 (3.59) 185; 22.4 (1.98) 260; 23.1 (1.64)
 Harare 418; 35.6 (1.83) 403; 27.2 (1.38) 447; 29.9 (1.78)
 Bulawayo 215; 38.0 (1.91) 162; 37.9 (2.09) 160; 29.4 (1.90)