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Table 2 Reported food frequency and physical activity data for parents and child (ren) (N = 69)

From: Testing the feasibility of a sustainable preschool obesity prevention approach: a mixed-methods service evaluation of a volunteer-led HENRY programme

Item/Scale Parent Score Test result Child Score Test result
Times per day Pre Post p-value (effect size) Times per day Pre Post p-value (effect size)
Food intake
 Fruit and vegetables 0–8+ 3.25 (1.65) 4.13 (1.68) .001 (r = .40) 0–8+ 3.20 (1.88) 3.95 (1.63) .008 (r = .33)
 Water 0–8+ 5.65 (2.09) 6.06 (1.97) .088 (r = .21) 0–8+ 4.63 (2.19) 5.70 (1.75) < .001 (r = .46)
 Sweetened/fizzy drinks 0–8+ .89 (1.17) .84 (1.39) .792 (r = .03) 0–8+ .72 (1.22) .62 (1.21) .557 (r = .08)
 High fat/sugar foods 0–8+ 1.79 (.62) 1.55 (1.38) .310 (r = .13) 0–8+ 1.43 (1.51) 1.18 (1.11) .212 (r = .16)
Fruit and Veg   15 (24.4%) 27 (39.7%) .019   18 (29.0%) 22 (32.8%) .629
Physical activity   54 (78.3%) 54 (78.3%) 1.00   30 (44.1%) 32 (46.4%) .824
  1. Total scales in bold and single items in normal font. Single items reported when analysis did not support a total scale score. Fruit and vegetables and physical activity values represent frequency with percentages in brackets achieving recommended amount. P-value results represent pre-post time effects, using paired-sample t-tests for food intake and McNemar’s tests for fruit and veg and physical activity (criteria for significance, p < .01). Effect size represents Pearsons r (criteria: 0.1 = small; 0.3 = medium; 0.5 = large)