Skip to main content

Table 1 Pre and post-programme means (SD) for reported parent and infant outcomes (N = 69)

From: Testing the feasibility of a sustainable preschool obesity prevention approach: a mixed-methods service evaluation of a volunteer-led HENRY programme

Item/Scale Score range Pre Post Test result p-value (effect size)
Parenting efficacy 5–25 20.54 (3.17) 22.06 (2.18) < .001 (r = .35)
Setting limits 5–25 18.77 (4.15) 21.98 (2.78) < .001 (r = .47)
Parental emotional wellbeing 4–16 12.98 (3.27) 15.34 (2.32) < .001 (r = .43)
Children eating with an adult 5–25 17.58 (5.63) 18.77 (5.06) .003 (r = .26)
Children emotional wellbeing
 Positive Mood 3–9 8.53 (.88) 8.88 (.52) .001 (r = .29)
 Liveliness 3–9 8.71 (.77) 8.97 (.17) .010 (r = .23)
Family eating behaviours
 Eat with others 1–5 3.75 (1.09) 4.14 (.74) .005 (r = .25)
 Eat standing up 1–5 1.98 (1.20) 1.64 (.86) .027 (r = .19)
 Eat straight from pan 1–5 1.71 (1.12) 1.40 (.70) .029 (r = .19)
 Eat while watching TV 1–5 3.04 (1.07) 2.61 (1.11) .002 (r = .27)
 Stop eating when full 1–5 3.35 (1.26) 3.51 (1.05) .598 (r = .05)
 Eat when angry/bored/low 1–5 2.62 (1.15) 2.13 (1.01) .001 (r = .28)
 Eat takeaway food 1–5 2.66 (.92) 2.51 (.83) .053 (r = .17)
 Eat healthy meals 1–5 3.97 (.77) 4.31 (.72) .004 (r = .24)
Child eating behaviour
 Eat when they want 1–5 3.13 (.98) 2.74 (.98) .054 (r = .20)
 Eat what they want 1–5 2.85 (1.17) 2.42 (1.01) .019 (r = .25)
 Eating at set times 1–5 3.82 (1.16) 4.14 (.94) .065 (r = .19)
Food purchasing/preparation
 Think about portion sizes 1–5 3.54 (1.19) 4.19 (.81) < .001 (r = .32)
 Read labels on food packaging 1–5 3.73 (1.25) 4.01 (.99) .055 (r = .17)
 Balance food groups 1–5 4.03 (.84) 4.30 (.81) .108 (r = .14)
 Worry about underfeeding 1–5 2.87 (1.41) 2.74 (1.38) .327 (r = .09)
 Try new recipes 1–5 3.47 (.94) 4.03 (.80) < .001 (r = .37)
  1. Total scales in bold and single items in normal font. Single items reported when analysis did not support a total scale score. P-value results represent pre-post time effects using paired-sample Wilcoxon signed rank tests (criteria for significance, p < .01). Effect size represents Pearsons r (criteria: 0.1 = small; 0.3 = medium; 0.5 = large)