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Table 3 Summary of statistically significant race-diet interactions in polytomous logistic regression models estimating the associations of food groups with reproductive status1,2

From: Associations of diet, physical activity and polycystic ovary syndrome in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Women’s Study

AHEI-2010 Subcomponent Score All Women3 Black White
  βinteraction (SE) Pinteraction Odds Ratio 90% CI Odds Ratio 90% CI
Vegetables
 PCOS −0.37 (0.20) 0.07 0.69 0.46, 1.03 1.45 0.98, 2.17
Whole Grains
 PCOS 0.29 (0.16) 0.07 1.34 0.98, 1.84 0.75 0.54, 1.02
 OA 0.22 (0.12) 0.07 1.25 0.98, 1.58 0.80 0.63, 1.02
Sugar-sweetened Beverages, Fruit Juice
 OA 0.15 (0.09) 0.09 1.17 0.97, 1.40 0.86 0.72, 1.03
  1. 1 AHEI-2010, Alternative Healthy Eating Index 2010; OA Isolated Oligomenorrhea (≥34 days in menstrual cycle), PCOS Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (hyperandrogenism and oligomenorrhea)
  2. 2 Model adjusted for covariates: age, total energy intake, education, BMI. Interaction term: diet*race
  3. 3 p < 0.10 (each group vs. reference group). Reference group defined as no PCOS, HA, or OA. Baseline group = White. Black sample sizes: PCOS N = 11, OA N = 26, Reference N = 256; race-specific results are derived from the interaction model. White sample sizes: PCOS N = 29, OA N = 49, Reference N = 273; race-specific results are derived from the interaction model