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Table 1 Characteristics of participants in the CARDIA Women’s Study cohort who were included in a study examining the associations between diet and physical activity with reproductive statusa b

From: Associations of diet, physical activity and polycystic ovary syndrome in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Women’s Study

Variable PCOS
(n = 40)
HA
(n = 104)
OA
(n = 75)
Reference
(n = 529)
Age, years 24.7 ± 3.6 25.6 ± 3.8 25.4 ± 3.8 25.4 ± 3.6
Black, n (%) 11 (27.5) 3 57 (54.8) 26 (34.7) 3 256 (48.4)
Center, n (%)
 Birmingham, Alabama 8 (20.0) 22 (21.6) 14 (18.7) 125 (23.9)
 Chicago, Illinois 5 (12.5) 27 (26.5) 18 (24.0) 117 (22.4)
 Minneapolis, Minnesota 10 (25.0) 28 (27.5) 15 (20.0) 125 (23.9)
 Oakland, California 17 (42.5) 25 (24.5) 28 (37.3) 156 (29.8)
Education, n (%)
 High School or Lower 8 (20.0) 3 40 (38.5) 29 (38.7) 177 (33.5)
 College 21 (52.5) 55 (52.9) 39 (52.0) 312 (59.0)
 Advanced Degree 11 (27.5) 9 (8.7) 7 (9.3) 40 (7.6)
 BMI (kg/m2) 25.5 ± 5.9 26.3 ± 6.83 25.0 ± 5.8 24.6 ± 5.7
 Unwanted Hair, n (%) 33 (82.5) 3 60 (57.7) 3 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Menstrual Cycle ≥34 Days, n (%) 40 (100.0) 3 0 (0.0) 75 (100.0) 3 0 (0.0)
 Total Testosterone, ng/dL 78.4 ± 65.33 79.9 ± 101.93 35.9 ± 17.5 34.1 ± 17.7
 Free Testosterone, ng/dL 0.7 ± 0.63 0.7 ± 1.23 0.3 ± 0.2 0.2 ± 0.2
  1. a Data are expressed as mean (SD) or N (% within each group). BMI Body Mass Index, CARDIA Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults, HA Isolated Hyperandrogenism (elevated testosterone and/or hirsutism at 2 sites or more), OA Isolated Oligomenorrhea (≥34 days in menstrual cycle), PCOS Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (hyperandrogenism and oligomenorrhea); Reference (neither PCOS nor HA nor OA)
  2. b Statistical Tests: Bivariate analyses using the t-test (continuous variables) or χ2 test (categorical variables)
  3. 3 p ≤ 0.05 (each group vs. reference group)