Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of women and associations with domestic violence due to husband’s drinking behavior

From: Does husband’s alcohol consumption increase the risk of domestic violence during the pregnancy and postpartum periods in Nepalese women?

Socio-demographic variables Total N = 660 Overall domestic violence Overall P value Husband alcohol drinking behavior
Drinker Non-drinker
DV Total DV Total
n = 109 n = 327 n = 56 n = 333
Age of women    0.278     
  < =25 431 114 (26.5)   75 (35.7) 210 39 (17.6) 221
 25> 229 51 (22.3)   34 (29.1) 117 17 (15.2) 112
Religion    <  0.001     
 Hindu 498 108 (21.7)   74 (30) 247 34 (13.5) 251
 Othera 162 57 (35.2)   35 (43.8) 80 22 (26.8) 82
Ethnicity    <  0.001     
Bramin/chhetri/Newar 356 57 (16)   37 (23.7) 156 20 (10) 200
 Janjati 304 108 (35.5)   72 (42.1) 171 36 (27.1) 133
Address of women    <  0.001     
 within Kathmandu 520 108 (20.8)   70 (26.7) 262 38 (14.7) 258
 Outside Kathmandu 140 57 (40.7)   39 (60) 65 18 (24) 75
Education    <  0.001     
 Literate 622 140 (22.5)   94 (30.8) 305 46 (14.5) 317
 Illiterate 38 25 (65.8)   15 (68.2) 22 10 (62.5) 16
Occupational status    0.916     
 Employed 156 40 (25.6)   32 (37.2) 86 8 (11.4) 70
 Housewife 504 125 (24.8)   77 (32) 241 48 (18.3) 263
Marriage type    0.092     
 Arranged marriage 383 86 (22.5)   52 (31.1) 167 34 (15.7) 216
 Love marriage 277 79 (28.5)   57 (35.6) 160 22 (18.8) 117
Marriage duration(years)    0.001     
  < =1 198 31 (15.7)   17 (19.5) 87 14 (12.6) 111
 2–5 256 77 (30.1)   53 (41.1) 129 24 (18.9) 127
  > =6 206 57 (27.7)   39 (35.1) 111 18 (18.9) 95
Pregnancy intended    0.1     
 Wanted 571 136 (23.8)   90 (31.9) 282 46 (15.9) 289
 Unwanted 89 29 (32.6)   19 (42.2) 45 10 (22.7) 44
Preference of Child    0.003     
 Daughter 172 28 (16.3)   19 (24.7) 77 9 (9.5) 95
 Son 488 137 (28.1)   90 (36) 250 47 (19.7) 238
Women’s drinking habit    0.079     
 No 597 143 (24)   90 (32.4) 278 53 (16.6) 319
 Yes 63 22 (34.9)   19 (38.8) 49 3 (21.4) 14
Family type    0.211     
 Nuclear family 475 112 (23.6)   80 (33.5) 239 32 (13.6) 236
 Joint family 185 53 (28.6)   29 (33) 88 24 (24.7) 97
Age of Husband    1     
  < =25 230 57 (24.8)   36 (33.6) 107 21 (17.1) 123
 25> 430 108 (25.1)   73 (33.2) 220 35 (16.7) 210
Husband education    0.004     
 Literate 632 151 (23.9)   101 (32.3) 313 50 (15.7) 319
 Illiterate 28 14 (50)   8 (57.1) 14 6 (42.9) 14
Occupational status    0.412     
 Employed 617 157 (25.4)   103 (33.2) 310 54 (17.6) 307
 Unemployed 43 8 (18.6)   6 (35.3) 17 2 (7.7) 26
Extra marital affair    <  0.001     
 No 594 136 (22.9)   82 (29.4) 279 54 (17.1) 315
 Yes 66 29 (43.9)   27 (56.2) 48 2 (11.1) 18
Control behavior by husband    <  0.001     
 No 507 90 (17.8)   53 (22.9) 231 37 (13.4) 276
 Yes 153 75 (49)   56 (58.3) 96 19 (33.3) 57
Household income    0.001     
 Above poverty line 378 76 (20.1)   49 (26.9) 182 27 (13.8) 196
 below poverty line 282 89 (31.6)   60 (41.4) 145 29 (21.2) 137
  1. P-value is for comparison between levels of each variables and domestic violence due to husband’s drinking behavior
  2. Numbers of frequencies and percentages in brackets were shown above
  3. aBuddhist, Muslim, Christian, Kirat