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Table 3 Treatment outcomes among children with TB in Malaysia, 2013–2017

From: Characteristics of paediatric patients with tuberculosis and associated determinants of treatment success in Malaysia using the MyTB version 2.1 database over five years

Parameters

aSuccessful

bUnsuccessful

P-value

 

n

%

n

%

 

Overall

3197

90.1

353

9.9

Socio-demographic profiles

 Age (median, IQR)

8.9 (10.6)

5.0 (11.1)

< 0.001

 Age groups (years)

  0–4

1131

86.1

182

13.9

 

  5–9

636

92.0

55

8.0

 

  10–14

1430

92.5

116

7.5

< 0.001

 Sex

  Male

1538

89.1

188

10.9

 

  Female

1659

91.0

165

9.0

0.075

 Citizenship

  Malaysian

2857

93.0

214

7.0

 

  Non-Malaysian

340

71.0

139

29.0

< 0.001

 Place of residence

  Urban

1632

90.6

169

9.4

 

  Rural

1534

89.4

181

10.6

0.270

Health utilization

 Treatment centre one

  Public hospital

2489

88.8

313

11.2

 

  Public clinic

549

94.8

30

5.2

 

  Private facilities

159

94.1

10

5.9

< 0.001

TB disease profile

 Method of detection

  Passive

2524

89.3

303

10.7

 

  Active

673

93.1

50

6.9

0.003

 BCG scar

  Yes

2850

92.8

222

7.2

 

  No

347

72.6

131

27.4

< 0.001

 CXR finding

  No lesion

819

91.5

76

8.5

 

  Minimal

1607

92.3

134

7.7

 

  Advanced

620

83.3

124

16.7

< 0.001

 HIV co-infection

  Yes

35

72.9

13

27.1

 

  No

3162

90.3

340

9.7

< 0.001

 TB diagnosis

  PTB SS -ve

1473

91.7

133

8.3

 

  PTB SS + ve

859

88.0

117

12.0

 

  EPTB

865

89.4

103

10.6

0.007

  1. asuccessful: the group of cured and completed
  2. bunsuccessful: the group of failed, died, lost to follow up, not evaluated