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Table 3 Treatment outcomes among children with TB in Malaysia, 2013–2017

From: Characteristics of paediatric patients with tuberculosis and associated determinants of treatment success in Malaysia using the MyTB version 2.1 database over five years

Parameters aSuccessful bUnsuccessful P-value
  n % n %  
Overall 3197 90.1 353 9.9
Socio-demographic profiles
 Age (median, IQR) 8.9 (10.6) 5.0 (11.1) < 0.001
 Age groups (years)
  0–4 1131 86.1 182 13.9  
  5–9 636 92.0 55 8.0  
  10–14 1430 92.5 116 7.5 < 0.001
 Sex
  Male 1538 89.1 188 10.9  
  Female 1659 91.0 165 9.0 0.075
 Citizenship
  Malaysian 2857 93.0 214 7.0  
  Non-Malaysian 340 71.0 139 29.0 < 0.001
 Place of residence
  Urban 1632 90.6 169 9.4  
  Rural 1534 89.4 181 10.6 0.270
Health utilization
 Treatment centre one
  Public hospital 2489 88.8 313 11.2  
  Public clinic 549 94.8 30 5.2  
  Private facilities 159 94.1 10 5.9 < 0.001
TB disease profile
 Method of detection
  Passive 2524 89.3 303 10.7  
  Active 673 93.1 50 6.9 0.003
 BCG scar
  Yes 2850 92.8 222 7.2  
  No 347 72.6 131 27.4 < 0.001
 CXR finding
  No lesion 819 91.5 76 8.5  
  Minimal 1607 92.3 134 7.7  
  Advanced 620 83.3 124 16.7 < 0.001
 HIV co-infection
  Yes 35 72.9 13 27.1  
  No 3162 90.3 340 9.7 < 0.001
 TB diagnosis
  PTB SS -ve 1473 91.7 133 8.3  
  PTB SS + ve 859 88.0 117 12.0  
  EPTB 865 89.4 103 10.6 0.007
  1. asuccessful: the group of cured and completed
  2. bunsuccessful: the group of failed, died, lost to follow up, not evaluated