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Table 2 Descriptive analysis of children with TB in Malaysia, 2013–2017

From: Characteristics of paediatric patients with tuberculosis and associated determinants of treatment success in Malaysia using the MyTB version 2.1 database over five years

Parameters n (%)
Socio-demographic profiles
 Age (median, IQR) (n: 3317) 8.5 (10.5)
 Age groups
  0–4 1313 37.0
  5–9 691 19.5
  10–14 1546 43.5
 Sex
  Male 1726 48.6
  Female 1824 51.4
 Citizenship
  Malaysian 3071 86.5
  Non-Malaysian 479 13.5
 Ethnicity (n: 3546)
  Malay 1508 42.5
  Chinese 192 5.4
  Indian 127 3.6
  Bumiputera Sabah 703 19.8
  Bumiputera Sarawak 381 10.7
  Others (Malaysian) 156 4.4
  Non-Malaysian 479 13.5
 Place of residence (n: 3516)
  Urban 1801 51.2
  Rural 1715 48.8
Health utilization
 Treatment centre one
  Public hospital 2802 78.9
  Public clinic 579 16.3
  Private facilities 169 4.8
TB disease profiles
 Category of cases
  New case 3461 97.5
  Re-treatment 89 2.5
 Method of detection
  Passive 2827 79.6
  Active 723 20.4
 BCG scar
  Yes 3072 86.5
  No 478 13.5
 CXR finding (n: 3380)
  No lesion 895 26.5
  Minimal 1741 51.5
  Advanced 744 22.0
 HIV co-infection
  Yes 48 1.4
  No 3502 98.6
TB disease profiles
 TB disease diagnosis
  aPTB sputum -ve 1606 45.2
  PTB sputum +ve 976 27.5
  EPTB 968 27.3
 TB meningitis
  Yes 153 4.3
  No 3397 95.7
 TB miliary
  Yes 67 1.9
  No 3483 98.1
 Treatment outcomes
  Cured 844 23.8
  Completed 2353 66.3
  Death 127 3.6
  Failed treatment 4 0.1
  Lost to follow up 65 1.8
  Not evaluated 157 4.4
  1. aThe PTB sputum -ve group, included PTB sputum not done (89 cases)