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Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: Postpartum depression symptoms in survey-based research: a structural equation analysis

Number Percentage
BMI (kg/m2)
 Underweight (n, %) 33 8.5%
 Normal (n, %) 96 24.8%
 Overweight (n, %) 111 28.7%
 Obese (n, %) 147 38.0%
Age (n, %)
 21 to 25 years old 25 6.5%
 26 to 30 years old 89 23.0%
 31 to 35 years old 156 40.3%
 Over 35 years old 117 30.2%
Education (n, %)
 Less than high school 69 17.8%
 High school 44 11.4%
 Diploma 102 26.4%
 Bachelor 137 35.4%
 Master or PhD 35 9.0%
Income (n, %)
 Less than RM 2000 33 8.5%
 RM 2000-RM 3000 42 10.9%
 More than RM 3000- RM 4000 135 34.9%
 More than RM 4000- RM 5000 141 36.4%
 Over RM 5000 36 9.3%
Job Experience (n, %)
 No job experienced 33 8.5%
 1–3 years 75 19.4%
 4–6 years 95 24.5%
 7–10 years 113 29.2%
 More than 10 years 71 18.3%
Physical Activity (n, %)
 None 101 26.1%
 1 time 75 19.4%
 2 times 96 24.8%
 3 times 44 11.4%
 4 times 42 10.9%
 More than 4 times 29 7.5%
Screen Time (n, %)
 Less than 1 h 0 0.0%
 1–2 h 0 0.0%
 2–3 h 126 32.6%
 3–4 h 105 27.1%
 More than 4 h 156 40.3%
Sleeping (n, %)
 Less than 6 h 24 6.2%
 6–7 h 46 11.9%
 7–8 h 159 41.1%
 8–9 h 122 31.5%
 More than 9 h 36 9.3%
Working (n, %)
 None 36 9.3%
 Less than 7 h 24 6.2%
 7–8 h 73 18.9%
 8–9 h 221 57.1%
 More than 9 h 33 8.5%
Number (%) Never Rarely Sometimes Mostly Always
Healthy Food
 Fruits 0 (0.0%) 35 (9.0%) 124 (32.0%) 172 (44.4%) 56 (14.5%)
 Vegetables 0 (0.0%) 21 (5.4%) 133 (34.4%) 144 (37.2%) 89 (23.0%)
 Whole grains 0 (0.0%) 32 (8.3%) 113 (29.2%) 151 (39.0%) 91 (23.5%)
Unhealthy Food
 Fast food 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 26 (6.7%) 192 (49.6%) 169 (43.7%)
 Sweets 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 37 (9.6%) 186 (48.1%) 164 (42.4%)
 Chips 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 44 (11.4%) 162 (41.9%) 181 (46.8%)
 Soft drinks 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 65 (16.8%) 151 (39.0%) 171 (44.2%)
Depression Level (n, %)
 Normal 79 (20.4%)
 Slightly increased risk 98 (25.3%)
 Increased risk 126 (32.6%)
 Likely depression 84 (21.7%)