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Table 2 Socio-demographic and reported clinical characteristics of 167 HIV-positive individuals who were serum T.pallidum seropositive compared to 1581 T.pallidum seronegative Participants

From: Prevalence of syphilis, neurosyphilis and associated factors in a cross-sectional analysis of HIV infected patients attending Bugando Medical Centre, Mwanza, Tanzania

Variable TPHA Positive X2 P-Value
YES N (%) NO N (%)
Gender
Male 46 (27.5) 450(28.5) 0.063 0.802
Female 121(72.5) 1131(71.5)
Age
18–39 58(34.7) 671(42.4) 6.349 0.044
40–64 100(59.9) 866(54.8)
65–84 9(5.4) 44(2.8)
Marital status
Single 38(22.8) 505(31.9) 15.73 < 0.001
Married(monogamy) 94(56.3) 846(53.3)
Widow 32(19.2) 226(14.3)
Polygamy 3(1.8) 4(0.25)
Education
Illiterate 29(17.4) 97(6.1) 34.53 < 0.001
Primary 112(67.1) 1058(66.9)
Secondary 21(12.5) 352(22.3)
College 3(1.8) 57(3.6)
University 2(1.2) 17(1.1)
Residence
Mwanza city 148(88.6) 1404(89) 0.005 0.944
Outside Mwanza city 19(11.4) 177(11)
Occupation
Vendor 104(62.3) 1010(63.9) 19.28 < 0.001
Peasant 44(26.4) 294(18.6)
Fisherman 2(1.2) 8(0.5)
Employed 6(4.0) 205(13.0)
House wife 11(6.6) 64(4.1)
Reports previous history of syphilis
No 149(89.2) 1546(97.8) 37.68 < 0.001
Yes 18(10.8) 35(2.2)
Reported previous treated syphilis
No 6(33.3) 11(0.7) 0.02 0.888
Yes 12(66.7) 24(1.5)
Reports penicillin injection
One 2(16.6) 2(8.30) 0.563 0.453
Three 10(83.3) 22(91.7)
History of genital lesion
No 153(91.6) 1545(97.7) 20.27 < 0.001
Yes 14(8.4) 36(2.3)
Number of lesion
One 10(71.4) 5(13.9) 15.89 < 0.001
Two or more 4(28.6) 31(89.1)
Duration of lesion
Less than a year 9(64.3) 20(55.6) 0.536 0.911
Two to three year 3(21.5) 8(22.2)
4 to six year 1(7.1) 3(8.3)
More than six year 1(7.1) 5(13.9)
Rashes on palms and soles
No 164(98.2) 1576(99.6) 7.264 0.007
Yes 3(1.8) 5(0.3)
Treatment for rashes
No 3(100.0) 0(0) 8 0.005
Yes 0(0.0) 5(100)
ART use
No 1(0.6) 0(0) 9.473 0.002
Yes 166(99.4) 1681(100)
Duration of ART use
Less 6 month 3(1.8) 0 1400 < 0.001
6 month to 2 years 25(15.0) 0
Above 2 yrs 111(66.5) 0
Missing 28(16.8) 1681
Viral load(copies/ml)
Less than 50 130(77.8) 1203(79.1) 1.424 0.7
50–999 7(4.2) 71(4.5)
1000 or more 10(6.0) 74(4.7)
Missed viral load 20(12.0) 233(14.7)
CD4 cell/uL
Less than 350 35(21.0) 271(17.1) 1.638 0.441
350 and above 94(56.3) 914(57.8)
Missing 38(22.7) 396(25.15)
CSF WBC/UL
Less than or equal 5 4(100.0)    
Greater 5 0(0.0)    
CSF Treponema antibody
Negative 3(75.0)    
Positive 1(25.0)