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Table 6 Associations of early life famine exposure and abdominal obesity among adults stratified by sex, North Wollo Zone, Raya Kobo district, Northeast Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 1384)

From: Impact of early life famine exposure on adulthood anthropometry among survivors of the 1983–1985 Ethiopian Great famine: a historical cohort study

Famine exposure status
Models Abdominal obesity Early life exposed ð Prenatal exposed Post-natal exposed Adolescence exposed
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Crude model Male 0.97 (0.73,1.28) 0.93 (0.65, 1.32) 0.91 (0.64, 1.28) 1.10 (0.76, 1.52)
Female 1.12 (0.82, 1.50) 1.00 (0.69,1.46) 1.03 (0.71, 1.50) 1.30 (0.91, 1.86)
Adjusted model Male 0.90 (0.76, 1.22) 0.88 (0.62, 1.27) 0.99 (1.36, 7.30) 1.14 (0.32, 4.02)
Female 0.95 (0.65, 1.39) 0.51 (0.20, 1.40) 1.04 (0.69, 1.53) 0.87 (0.55, 1.38)
  1. All odd ratios are related to the non-exposed groups
  2. Ref Reference, Cl Confidence interval, OR Odds ratio, * Statistical significance
  3. Crude model: Famine exposure in different stage of life and abdominal obesity
  4. Adjusted model: adjusted for age, educational status, wealth index, dietary pattern, increased blood pressure, physical activity, cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, history of chronic diseases and effect modifiers