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Table 3 Associations offamine exposure and anthropometric measurements, in adults, North Wollo Zone, Raya Kobo district, Northeast Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 1384)

From: Impact of early life famine exposure on adulthood anthropometry among survivors of the 1983–1985 Ethiopian Great famine: a historical cohort study

Measurements Famine exposure status
Heightc Early life exposed Prenatal exposed postnatal exposed Adolescence
Exposed
Non-exposed
Crude modela −0.70 (−1.69, 0.29) −2.04 (−2.74, 0.37) −1.67 (−2.86, −0.50) 0.40 (−0.83, −1.65) Ref.
Adjusted modelb −1.83 (−3. 05, 0.58) −1.35 (−2.56, −0.14) −2.07 (−3.31, −0.80) −1.66 (−5.95, 2.63) Ref.
Waist to height ratio (WHtR)
 Crude model 0.01 (0.01,0.02) 0.02 (0.01, 0.03) 0.01 (− 0.01, 0.02) 0.01 (− 0.01, 0.02) Ref.
 Adjusted model 0.02 (0.01,0.03) 0.03 (0.02, 0.03) 0.01 (0.01, 0.02) 0.01(−0.02, 0.02) Ref.
Body mass index
 Crude model 0.08 (−0.67, 0.49) 0.25 (−0.50, 1.01) 0.22 (− 0.94, 0.50) 0.29 (− 0.93, 0.33) Ref.
 Adjusted model 0.45 (−0.14, 1.04) 0.37 (−2.35, 1.62) 0.38 (− 0.35, 1.13) 0.23 (− 0.44, 0.93) Ref.
  1. Ref Reference
  2. Data are β-coefficients (95% confidence interval) from multiple linear regression analysis
  3. All β-coefficients are related to the non-exposed groups
  4. aMeasurements with famine exposure status (unadjusted for any covariate)
  5. bAdjusted for sex, age, residence, educational status, wealth index, dietary pattern, increased blood pressure, physical activity, cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, history of chronic diseases and effect modifiers
  6. cAdult height adjusted for sex, age, residence, educational status, wealth index and effect modifiers (Adjusted model)