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Table 3 Regression coefficients for CBI subscales as outcomes and socio-demographic, professional, and emotional variables as predictors from univariate multiple linear regressions

From: Burnout among Portuguese healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic

Variables Personal Burnout
β [95% CI]
Work-related Burnout
β [95% CI]
Client-related Burnout
β [95% CI]
Gender
 Male Reference   
 Female 4.51 [2.71–6.31]***   
Marital status
 Married/nonmarital partnership Reference   
 Single −2.90 [−4.52; −1.29]***   
 Divorced or Separated −2.46 [−5.18; 0.26]   
 Widowed −2.96 [−10.44; 4.52]   
Parental status
 No or older than 12 years old Reference   
 Yes, with 12 years old or less 3.68 [2.03; 5.33]***   
Education level
 Elementary or secondary school   Reference  
 Graduate   3.91 [−0.11; 7.93]  
 Postgraduate   6.28 [0.44; 12.13]*  
 Master’s degree   5.76 [1.68; 9.84]**  
 PhD   6.23 [0.69; 11.77]**  
Professional experience
 Five years or less    Reference
 From 6 years to 15 years    4.46 [2.13; 6.78]***
 More than 15 years    −0.80 [−3.12; 1.52]*
Frontline working position 4.24 [2.55; 5.93]*** 3.91 [2.41; 5.43]*** 2.35 [0.40; 4.31]*
Salary reduction −1.94 [−3.50; −0.38]*   
Diagnosed health problem 1.84 [0.30; 3.38]* 1.68 [0.17; 3.19]*  
COVID-19 Tested
 Yes and, no but I’d like to do it Reference   
 No, I have no interest −3.13 [−4.65; −1.61]***   
Direct contact with infected people 3. 27 [1.70; 4.83]*** 3.45 [1.89; 5.00]***  
Death of relative or friend during pandemic period    −4.68 [−8.49; −0.87]*
Resilience −0.08 [− 0.11; − 0.05]*** −0.05 [− 0.08; − 0.02]** −0.07 [− 0.12; − 0.03]**
Satisfaction with life −0.78 [− 0.98; − 0.58]*** −1.16 [− 1.35; − 0.96]*** −1.11 [− 1.38; − 0.85]***
Anxiety 0.33 [0.04; 0.62]***   
Depression 0.68 [0.41; 0.95]*** 0.82 [0.56; 1.07]*** 0.69 [0.34; 1.03]***
Stress 1.66 [1.41; 1.90]*** 1.29 [1.09; 1.50]*** 0.79 [0.51; 1.07]***
R2 0.475 0.407 0.187
F 120*** 125*** 57.5***
  1. Note. CI confidence interval. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001