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Table 1 Participants’ characteristics

From: Different information needs in subgroups of people with diabetes mellitus: a latent class analysis

Characteristics n (%) / (M ± SD)
Total number of participants 837
Age (years), n = 837 71.1 ± 9.5
Sex, n = 837
Female 382 (45.6)
Male 455 (54.4)
Years of education, n = 836
≥ 11 years 330 (39.5)
< 11 years 506 (60.5)
Type of diabetes, n = 804
Type 1 diabetes 41 (5.1)
Type 2 diabetes 746 (92.8)
Other diabetes type 17 (2.1)
Diabetes duration, n = 763
≥ 10 years 394 (51.6)
< 10 years 369 (48.4)
  12.1 ± 10.2
Mode of diabetes treatment, n = 835
No oral glucose-lowering drugs and no insulin 145 (17.4)
Oral glucose-lowering drugs 482 (57.7)
Insulin 99 (11.9)
Oral glucose-lowering drugs and insulin 109 (13.1)
Diabetes-related comorbidity, n = 837
Yes 329 (39.3)
No 508 (60.7)
Current smoking behaviour, n = 834
Regular 89 (10.7)
Occasionally 8 (1.0)
Ex-smoker 380 (45.6)
Never 357 (42.8)
Well-being, n = 834
High well-being (≥50) 596 (71.5)
Low well-being (< 50) 238 (28.5)
Current level of information, n = 505 16.2 ± 6.8
Diabetes education, n = 731
Yes 386 (52.8)
No 345 (47.2)
Time preference, n = 697
Rather agree 296 (42.5)
Rather disagree 401 (57.5)
  1. M mean, SD standard deviation
  2. Mode of diabetes treatment: Self-reported treatment. Diabetes-related comorbidity: Included were retinopathy, blindness, microalbuminuria, kidney failure, artificial kidney, peripheral artery occlusive disease, polyneuropathy, diabetic foot syndrome, and amputation. Well-being: High well-being was reported if WHO-5 Index ≥50 [22]. Current level of information: Responses for eleven diabetes-related topics were given on a 4-point Likert scale. The sum of all variables ranged from 0 to 33 (higher scores indicate a higher level of information). Diabetes education: Answer to the question of whether the participant has participated in a diabetes training program. Time preference: Agreement with the statement ‘My present well-being is more important to me than my future health status’