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Table 2 Bivariate and Multivariable logistic regression of socio-demographic characteristics and risk factors among women aged 15–49 years who had a live birth 2 years preceding the survey, by the intake of IPT, NDHS 2018

From: Socioeconomic inequality in intermittent preventive treatment using Sulphadoxine pyrimethamine among pregnant women in Nigeria

Variable   Crude OR(95% CI) P value Adjusted OR(95% CI) P value
Age group 15–24 1   1  
25–34 1.22 (1.14 to 1.31) < 0.001 1.03 (0.93 to 1.13) 0.57
35–44 1.20 (1.11 to 1.30) < 0.001 1.09 (0.97 to 1.23) 0.14
≥45 0.99 (0.85 to 1.17) 0.960 1.07 (0.87 to 1.32) 0.53
Educational status No education 1   1  
Primary 1.87 (1.72 to 2.02) < 0.001 1.13 (1.02 to 1.26) 0.023
secondary 2.72 (2.54 to 2.91) < 0.001 1.32 (1.18 to 1.47) < 0.001
Higher 4.21 (3.71 to 4.78) < 0.001 1.35 (1.14 to 1.60) < 0.001
Marital status Never married 1   1  
Married 1.01 (0.86 to 1.20) 0.890 1.12 (0.91 to 1.37) 0.28
separated 1.16 (0.93 to 1.45) 0.190 1.15 (0.88 to 1.50) 0.32
Place of residence Urban 1   1  
Rural 0.52 (0.49 to 0.55) < 0.001 1.05 (0.96 to 1.14) 0.28
Wealth index Poorest 1    
Poorer 1.37 (1.27 to 1.49) < 0.001 1.01 (0.91 to 1.14) 0.91
Middle 2.32 (2.13 to 2.52) < 0.001 1.36 (1.22 to 1.52) < 0.001
Richer 3.35 (3.06 to 3.70) < 0.001 1.79 (1.58 to 2.04) < 0.001
Richest 4.62 (4.16 to 5.12) < 0.001 2.32 (1.99 to 2.72) < 0.001
Region North central 1   1  
North east 1.20 (1.10 to 1.31) < 0.001 1.83 (1.64 to 2.05) < 0.001
North west 1.00 (0.92 to 1.09) < 0.001 1.87 (1.68 to 2.07) < 0.001
South east 2.54 (2.26 to 2.85) < 0.001 1.18 (1.03 to 1.35)  
South south 1.68 (1.50 to 1.88) < 0.001 1.64 (1.42 to 1.90) < 0.001
South west 1.33 (1.20 to 1.47) < 0.001 0.61 (0.54 to 0.69) < 0.001
ANCa visits No visits 1   1  
<  4 visits 10.26 (9.31 to 11.30) < 0.001 9.66 (8.75 to 10.68) < 0.001
≥ 4 visits 15.70 (14.51 to 16.98) < 0.001 14.66 (13.42 to 16.02) < 0.001
Parity 1 child 1   1  
2 children 0.97 (0.88 to 1.07) 0.510 1.01 (0.90 to 1.13) 0.89
≥3 children 0.88 (0.81 to 0.94) < 0.001 1.08 (0.96 t0 1.21) 0.19
  1. aANC: Antenatal Care