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Table 4 Hazard ratios for cardiovascular disease according to social trust among participants who underwent health examinations

From: Association between social trust and the risk of cardiovascular disease in older adults in Korea: a nationwide retrospective cohort study

  Social trust, quintiles p for trend
1st (lowest) 2nd 3rd 4th 5th (highest)
Cardiovascular disease
 Events 12,590 13,784 12,634 14,339 14,293  
 Person-years 1,210,307 1,288,009 1,180,296 1,247,028 1,274,142  
 aHR (95% CI) 1.00 (reference) 0.93 (0.91–0.96) 0.97 (0.94–0.99) 0.94 (0.91–0.97) 0.90 (0.88–0.93) < 0.001
Coronary heart disease
 Events 5481 6184 5170 6269 5876  
 Person-years 1,210,307 1,288,009 1,180,296 1,247,028 1,274,142  
 aHR (95% CI) 1.00 (reference) 0.93 (0.89–0.97) 0.93 (0.89–0.97) 0.94 (0.90–0.98) 0.91 (0.87–0.95) 0.003
Stroke
 Events 5968 6365 6125 6758 7060  
 Person-years 1,210,307 1,288,009 1,180,296 1,247,028 1,274,142  
 aHR (95% CI) 1.00 (reference) 0.93 (0.89–0.97) 0.98 (0.94–1.02) 0.94 (0.90–0.98) 0.90 (0.86–0.94) < 0.001
  1. Adjusted hazard ratios calculated by Cox proportional hazards regression after adjustments for age, sex, area of residence, household income, Charlson comorbidity index, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, fasting serum glucose, and total cholesterol
  2. Acronyms: aHR adjusted hazard ratio, CI confidence interval
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