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Table 2 Hazard ratios for cardiovascular disease according to social trust

From: Association between social trust and the risk of cardiovascular disease in older adults in Korea: a nationwide retrospective cohort study

  Social trust, quintiles p for trend
1st (lowest) 2nd 3rd 4th 5th (highest)
Cardiovascular disease
 Events 24,000 24,644 23,224 25,349 25,422  
 Person-years 2,040,433 2,087,191 1,960,079 2,011,667 2,021,539  
 aHR (95% CI) 1.00 (reference) 0.93 (0.91–0.95) 0.96 (0.94–0.98) 0.95 (0.93–0.97) 0.91 (0.89–0.93) < 0.001
Coronary heart disease
 Events 9551 10,108 8791 10,188 9690  
 Person-years 2,040,433 2,087,191 1,960,079 2,011,667 2,021,539  
 aHR (95% CI) 1.00 (reference) 0.93 (0.90–0.96) 0.94 (0.91–0.97) 0.95 (0.92–0.98) 0.92 (0.89–0.95) 0.002
Stroke
 Events 12,078 12,096 11,857 12,616 13,068  
 Person-years 2,040,433 2,087,191 1,960,079 2,011,667 2,021,539  
 aHR (95% CI) 1.00 (reference) 0.93 (0.90–0.95) 0.97 (0.95–0.99) 0.95 (0.92–0.97) 0.90 (0.87–0.93) < 0.001
  1. Adjusted hazard ratios calculated by Cox proportional hazards regression after adjustments for age, sex, area of residence, household income, and Charlson comorbidity index
  2. Acronyms: aHR adjusted hazard ratio, CI confidence interval
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