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Table 1 Utilization of different allergy management measures expressed as TTM stages (in %)

From: Determinants of the utilization of allergy management measures among hay fever sufferers: a theory-based cross-sectional study

  Early-stage (not taking action) Late-stage (taking action)
  Pre-contemplation Contemplation Preparation Σ Action Maintenance Σ
Medical supervision 30.48 22.82 6.42 59.72 7.13 33.15 40.28
Self-management 18.18 7.49 2.50 28.17 12.48 59.35 71.83
Anti-allergic medication 10.70 7.13 1.43 19.26 13.19 67.55 80.74
Specific immunotherapy 37.62 27.09 5.17 69.88 4.81 25.31 30.12
Allergen avoidance 21.21 11.41 4.28 36.90 13.73 49.37 63.10
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