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Table 4 Knowledge about warning signs for CVD event

From: Public knowledge of risk factors and warning signs for cardiovascular disease among young and middle-aged adults in rural Tanzania

  Number (%)
Spontaneous mention of warning signs for CVD (Open-ended questions)
 Severe headache 553 (18.4)
 Chest pain 99 (3.3)
 Shortness of breath 736 (24.5)
 Sweating while at rest 122 (4.1)
 Vomiting 15 (0.5)
 Pain in the jaw or neck 16 (0.5)
 Pain in the arms or shoulder 169 (5.6)
 Loss of consciousness 289 (9.6)
 Dizziness 280 (9.3)
Number of warning signs mentioned (out of 9)
 None 1657 (55.2)
 1–4 1322 (44.1)
 5–9 21 (0.7)
Selecting warning signs for CVD from a list (Close-ended questions)
 Severe headache 1824 (60.8)
 Chest pain 1324 (44.1)
 Shortness of breath 2230 (74.3)
 Sweating while at rest 1265 (42.2)
 Vomiting 330 (11.0)
 Pain in the jaw or neck 318 (10.6)
 Pain in the arms or shoulder 1299 (43.3)
 Loss of consciousness 1910 (63.7)
 Dizziness 1807 (60.2)
Number of warning signs identified (out of 9)
 None 354 (11.8)
 1–4 1314 (43.8)
 5–9 1332 (44.4)