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Table 3 Included review outcomes optimised by frameworks, mapped to 17 outcomes according to Proctor et al. [31]

From: How to optimise public health interventions: a scoping review of guidance from optimisation process frameworks

  Outcome optimised by framework Total
n = 20
n (%)
Implementation Acceptability: Satisfaction with various aspects of the innovation (e.g. content, complexity, comfort, delivery, and credibility) 4 (20%)
Adoption: Uptake; utilisation; initial implementation; intention to try 2 (10%)
Appropriateness: Perceived fit; relevance; compatibility; suitability; usefulness; practicability 2 (10%)
Cost: Marginal cost; cost-effectiveness; cost-benefit 7 (35%)
Feasibility: Actual fit or utility; suitability for everyday use; practicability 4 (20%)
Fidelity: Delivered as intended; adherence; integrity; quality of program delivery 4 (20%)
Penetration: Level of institutionalisation, spread, service access 1 (5%)
Sustainability: Maintenance; continuation; durability; incorporation; integration; institutionalisation; sustained use; routinisation. 4 (20%)
Service Efficiency: Avoiding waste, including waste of equipment, supplies, ideas, and energy. 10 (50%)
Safety: Avoiding harm to patients from the care that is intended to help them. 2 (10%)
Effectiveness: A measure of how well a program/policy performs in a real world setting where variables cannot be controlled. 11 (55%)
Equity: Providing care that does not vary in quality because of personal characteristics such as gender, ethnicity, geographic location, and socioeconomic status. 2 (10%)
Patient-centredness: Providing care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs, and values and ensuring that patient values guide all clinical decisions. 0 (0%)
Timeliness: A measure of how often waits and harmful delays occur for both those who receive and those who give care. 6 (30%)
Patient Patient' Satisfaction: extent to which a client is content with the service which they received. 5 (25%)
Function: A measure of participant’s functional status e.g. their ability to perform normal daily activities required to meet basic needs, fulfil usual roles, and maintain health and well-being. 3 (15%)
Symptomatology: the set of symptoms characteristic of a medical condition or exhibited by a patient. 1 (5%)