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Table 2 Changes of antibiotic prescribing behaviors in the case study hospital (thousand)

From: The influence of a ban on outpatient intravenous antibiotic therapy among the secondary and tertiary hospitals in China

  Before (n = 728) After (n = 721) χ2 p-value
Total antibiotic prescription (ratea) 145 (19.9) 128 (17.8) 1015 < 0.001
IV antibiotic prescription (rateb) 62 (8.6) 34 (4.7) 8473 < 0.001
Oral antibiotic prescription (ratec) 84 (11.6) 95 (13.2) 844.3 < 0.001
  (n = 145) (n = 128)   
Classified antibiotic use rate d
 Non-restricted 94 (65.4) 90 (70.1) 706.1 < 0.001
 Restricted 57 (39.8) 41 (32.5) 1558 < 0.001
 Special 3 (2.4) 0.1 (0.1) 2655 < 0.001
Antibiotic combination therapy e 25 (17.7) 14 (11.3) 2231 < 0.001
  1. aTotal antibiotic prescription rate = the number of antibiotic prescriptions/total number of prescriptions;
  2. bIV antibiotic prescription rate = the number of IV antibiotic prescriptions/total number of prescriptions;
  3. cOral antibiotic prescription rate = the number of oral antibiotic prescriptions/total number of prescriptions;
  4. dClassified antibiotic use rate = the number of classified-grade antibiotic prescriptions/total number of antibiotic prescriptions;
  5. eAntibiotic combination therapy = the number of prescriptions with two or more antibiotic/total number of antibiotic prescriptions