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Table 1 Sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics of the adult participants (≥20 years old) in the InCoMas

From: The prevalence of hypertension and its distribution by sociodemographic factors in Central Mozambique: a cross sectional study

  All Men Women
n Unadjusted % Adjusted % (95% CI) n Unadjusted % Adjusted % (95% CI) n Unadjusted % Adjusted % (95% CI)
4101 1643 2458
Age groups
 20 to < 30 1516 37 36.9 (34.5 to 39.4) 453 27.6 27.2 (24.9 to 29.6) 1063 43.2 43.3 (40.2 to 46.6)
 30 to < 40 1167 28.5 28.8 (27.1 to 30.5) 483 29.4 29.8 (27.3 to 32.5) 684 27.8 28 (26.0 to 30.1)
 40 to < 50 688 16.8 16.7 (15.3 to 18.1) 337 20.5 20.7 (18.8 to 22.9) 351 14.3 13.9 (12.4 to 15.7)
 50 to < 60 406 9.9 9.6 (8.6 to 10.7) 196 11.9 11.5 (9.9 to 13.2) 210 8.5 8.3 (7.2 to 9.7)
 60 and above 324 7.9 8.1 (7.0 to 9.3) 174 10.6 10.7 (9.1 to 12.6) 150 6.1 6.3 (5.2 to 7.6)
Residence
 urban 1125 27.5 21.3 (15.9 to 28) 469 28.7 21.4 (15.7 to 28.3) 656 26.8 21.3 (15.8 to 28.1)
 rural 2961 72.5 78.7 (72.0 to 84.1) 1167 71.3 78.6 (71.7 to 84.3) 1794 73.2 78.7 (71.9 to 84.2)
Education
 primary or less 2157 68.3 70.4 (66.3 to 74.1) 906 61.9 64.3 (59.9 to 68.5) 1251 73.8 75.5 (70.9 to 79.7)
 secondary 878 27.8 26.3 (23.3 to 29.6) 473 32.3 30.7 (27.4 to 34.3) 405 23.9 22.6 (18.9 to 26.7)
 above secondary 125 4 3.3 (2.3 to 4.6) 85 5.8 4.9 (3.5 to 7.0) 40 2.4 1.9 (1.2 to 2.8)
Relative wealth
 below average 1716 42 45.7 (39.7 to 51.7) 687 41.9 46.3 (39.9 to 52.9) 1029 42 45.2 (39.3 to 51.3)
 average 832 20.3 22.0 (19.3 to 24.9) 326 19.9 21.9 (18.9 to 25.2) 506 20.7 22.0 (19.2 to 25.1)
 above average 1542 37.7 32.4 (26.2 to 39.2) 627 38.2 31.8 (25.4 to 38.9) 915 37.3 32.8 (26.5 to 39.7)
Alcohol use
 never 2052 75.5 75.8 (73.2 to 78.3) 785 66.8 66.0 (62.4 to 69.5) 1267 82.2 83.1 (80.3 to 85.7)
 infrequent 526 19.4 19.1 (17.0 to 21.3) 299 25.4 25.8 (22.9 to 29) 227 14.7 14.0 (11.8 to 16.6)
 frequent 140 5.2 5.1 (4.2 to 6.2) 92 7.8 8.1 (6.4 to 10.2) 48 3.1 2.8 (2.0 to 4.0)
Smoking
 yes 82 3 3.0 (2.3 to 3.8) 54 4.1 4.0 (2.9 to 5.5) 28 1.9 2.0 (1.3 to 3.0)
 no 2683 97 97.0 (96.2 to 97.7) 1255 95.9 96.0 (94.5 to 97.1) 1428 98.1 98.0 (97.0 to 98.7)
CVD ever
 yes 194 7 6.8 (5.6 to 8.2) 84 6.4 6.1 (4.7 to 7.8) 110 7.6 7.4 (5.9 to 9.3)
 no 2556 92.4 92.5 (91.0 to 93.8) 1218 93 93.1 (91.4 to 94.5) 1338 91.9 92.0 (90.0 to 93.6)
 don’t know 16 0.6 0.7 (0.4 to 1.1) 8 0.6 0.8 (0.4 to 1.6) 8 0.5 0.6 (0.3 to 1.1)
  1. All participants included in this table had age, sex, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure by province. Adjusted % (95% confidence interval) accounts for sampling weights
  2. CI confidence interval, CVD cardiovascular diseases