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Table 4 Sensitivity and stratified analyses on the association of community level social trust or reciprocity with all-cause mortality taking into consideration smoking, alcohol intake, and physical activity

From: Association of community level social trust and reciprocity with mortality: a retrospective cohort study

  Adjusted hazard ratio (95% confidence interval)
Community Level Social Trust Community Level Social Reciprocity
Lower half Upper half Lower half Upper half
Full cohort
 Number of participants 148,829 140,672 148,556 140,945
Sensitivity analysis
 Fully adjusted 1.00 (reference) 0.76 (0.68–0.86) 1.00 (reference) 0.73 (0.65–0.83)
 + smoking 1.00 (reference) 0.77 (0.68–0.87) 1.00 (reference) 0.74 (0.65–0.84)
 + alcohol intake 1.00 (reference) 0.77 (0.68–0.87) 1.00 (reference) 0.74 (0.65–0.83)
 + physical activity 1.00 (reference) 0.79 (0.70–0.89) 1.00 (reference) 0.77 (0.68–0.87)
 + all lifestyle behaviors 1.00 (reference) 0.79 (0.70–0.90) 1.00 (reference) 0.77 (0.68–0.88)
Stratified analysis
 Smoking
 Never smokers 1.00 (reference) 0.90 (0.76–1.07) 1.00 (reference) 0.80 (0.67–0.95)
 Past and current smokers 1.00 (reference) 0.63 (0.52–0.75) 1.00 (reference) 0.67 (0.56–0.80)
 Alcohol intake
 No 1.00 (reference) 0.79 (0.67–0.93) 1.00 (reference) 0.71 (0.60–0.85)
 Yes 1.00 (reference) 0.74 (0.61–0.89) 1.00 (reference) 0.77 (0.64–0.93)
 Physical activity
 No 1.00 (reference) 0.76 (0.65–0.89) 1.00 (reference) 0.72 (0.61–0.85)
 Yes 1.00 (reference) 0.86 (0.70–1.05) 1.00 (reference) 0.88 (0.72–1.08)
Propensity score-matched cohort
 Number of participants 137,694 139,426 131,809 136,175
Sensitivity analysis
 Fully adjusted 1.00 (reference) 0.76 (0.67–0.87) 1.00 (reference) 0.75 (0.66–0.85)
 + smoking 1.00 (reference) 0.77 (0.67–0.87) 1.00 (reference) 0.75 (0.66–0.86)
 + alcohol intake 1.00 (reference) 0.76 (0.67–0.87) 1.00 (reference) 0.75 (0.66–0.85)
 + physical activity 1.00 (reference) 0.79 (0.69–0.89) 1.00 (reference) 0.78 (0.69–0.89)
 + all lifestyle behaviors 1.00 (reference) 0.79 (0.69–0.90) 1.00 (reference) 0.79 (0.69–0.90)
Stratified analysis
 Smoking
 Never smokers 1.00 (reference) 0.90 (0.75–1.07) 1.00 (reference) 0.79 (0.66–0.94)
 Past and current smokers 1.00 (reference) 0.63 (0.53–0.87) 1.00 (reference) 0.70 (0.58–0.85)
 Alcohol intake
 No 1.00 (reference) 0.78 (0.66–0.93) 1.00 (reference) 0.73 (0.61–0.87)
 Yes 1.00 (reference) 0.74 (0.61–0.90) 1.00 (reference) 0.78 (0.64–0.95)
 Physical activity
 No 1.00 (reference) 0.77 (0.66–0.91) 1.00 (reference) 0.71 (0.60–0.84)
 Yes 1.00 (reference) 0.83 (0.67–1.02) 1.00 (reference) 0.95 (0.77–1.18)
  1. Sensitivity and stratified analysis conducted for those who underwent health screening examinations during 2010–2011
  2. Fully adjusted model includes adjustments for age, sex, household income, and Charlson comorbidity index
  3. All lifestyle behaviors include smoking, alcohol intake, and physical activity
  4. Adjusted hazard ratios calculated by Cox proportional hazards regression after adjustments for age, sex, household income, and Charlson comorbidity index
  5. Acronyms: aHR adjusted hazard ratio, CI confidence interval