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Table 2 Univariable logistic regression examining the association between study variables and precarious work for the total sample and for those with and without a disability

From: The working disadvantaged: the role of age, job tenure and disability in precarious work

  Total No disability Disabilitya;
OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
Independent variables
 Disability status
  No disability ref
  Disability 1.26 (1.03, 1.55)   
 Age (years)
  Young adult (18–35) ref ref ref
  Middle-aged adult (36–50) 0.95 (0.74, 1.21) 0.86 (0.61, 1.22) 1.07 (0.76, 1.52)
  Older adult (> 50) 0.88 (0.69, 1.13) 0.62 (0.43, 0.90) 1.22 (0.87, 1.73)
 Job tenure (years) 0.97 (0.96, 0.98) 0.97 (0.96, 0.99) 0.97 (0.95, 0.98)
Sociodemographic
 Gender (women) 1.23 (1.00, 1.52) 1.06 (0.79, 1.43) 1.42 (1.06, 1.90)
 Marital Status
  Married/living as married ref ref ref
  Widowed/divorced/separated 1.63 (1.19, 2.22) 1.29 (0.79, 2.10) 1.86 (1.24, 2.80)
  Never married 1.22 (0.97, 1.53) 1.33 (0.96, 1.84) 1.11 (0.81, 1.53)
 Educational attainment
  Primary-high school 1.16 (0.89, 1.52) 1.12 (0.74, 1.69) 1.14 (0.80, 1.64)
  Some post-secondary 0.99 (0.78, 1.26) 1.00 (0.70, 1.42) 0.95 (0.68, 1.32)
  Graduated post-secondary ref ref ref
 Income
  < 50,000 ref ref ref
  $50,000 – $89,999 0.44 (0.35, 0.57) 0.52 (0.36, 0.75) 0.39 (0.27, 0.54)
  $90,000 ≤ 0.40 (0.30, 0.52) 0.46 (0.31, 0.68) 0.36 (0.24, 0.53)
Health factors
 Pain (0–10) 1.06 (1.02, 1.10) 1.13 (1.05, 1.21) 1.02 (0.96, 1.07)
 Fatigue (0–10) 1.06 (1.03, 1.10) 1.08 (1.01, 1.14) 1.04 (0.99, 1.09)
 Self-rated health (1–5) 0.78 (0.70, 0.86) 0.68 (0.58, 0.81) 0.86 (0.74, 1.01)
Work characteristics
 Job sector
  Business/administration 0.62 (0.45, 0.86) 0.55 (0.34, 0.89) 0.70 (0.46, 1.08)
  Health/science/teaching 0.77 (0.58, 1.02) 0.94 (0.62, 1.44) 0.64 (0.43, 0.94)
  Sales/service 1.48 (1.10, 2.00) 1.44 (0.92, 2.25) 1.57 (1.05, 2.36)
  Trades/transportation ref ref ref
 Organization size (# of people)
  Small (1–50) ref ref ref
  Medium (51–150) 0.84 (0.61, 1.14) 0.86 (0.54, 1.37) 0.75 (0.50, 1.15)
  Large (150<) 0.71 (0.56, 0.91) 0.70 (0.49, 0.98) 0.74 (0.52, 1.04)
 Perceived work physical demands (1-5) 0.96 (0.89, 1.03) 0.84 (0.75, 0.94) 1.05 (0.95, 1.16)
 Perceived work mental demands (1-5) 0.90 (0.83, 0.98) 0.80 (0.70, 0.90) 0.98 (0.87, 1.11)
 Productivity loss (0–10) 1.02 (0.99, 1.06) 1.00 (0.93, 1.07) 1.01 (0.96, 1.05)
  1. Notes: OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, n number, ref. reference category; aParticipants who reported activity limitations related to a physical, cognitive, mental/emotional, sensory, and/or other disability