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Table 2 Hazard ratios for incident diabetes in the study cohort according to different cut-points for daily step count

From: Daily step count and incident diabetes in community-dwelling 70-year-olds: a prospective cohort study

Stepping cut-points No. of participants IR Hazard ratio (95% CI)
Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c
≥ 4000 steps/d 2707 9.0    
vs    0.48 (0.27–0.83) 0.81 (0.45–1.45) 0.79 (0.41–1.53)
< 4000 steps/d 348 19.6    
≥4500 steps/d 2557 8.2    
vs    0.41 (0.25–0.66) 0.64 (0.38–1.06) 0.58 (0.32–1.05)
< 4500 steps/d 498 21.0    
≥ 5000 steps/d 2399 8.3    
vs    0.50 (0.31–0.80) 0.77 (0.47–1.27) 0.75 (0.43–1.32)
< 5000 steps/d 656 17.4    
≥ 5500 steps/d 2240 8.2    
vs    0.55 (0.35–0.88) 0.85 (0.52–1.38) 0.84 (0.48–1.45)
< 5500 steps/d 815 15.6    
≥ 6000 steps/d 2040 8.3    
vs    0.62 (0.39–0.96) 0.95 (0.59–1.54) 0.93 (0.54–1.60)
< 6000 steps/d 1014 14.1    
  1. Abbreviations: CI Confidence interval, IR Incidence rate per 1000 person-years
  2. aadjusted for sex and accelerometer wear time
  3. badditionally adjusted for visceral adipose tissue
  4. cadditionally adjusted for sedentary time, level of education, elevated triglycerides, elevated blood pressure, antihypertensives, lipid-lowering agents, anticoagulants, myocardial infarction, stroke and angina pectoris