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Table 2 Prevalence rates (per 100,000 persons) of sexual violence as mean (SD) and estimates from the LGM by the HDI for trend analysis. The intercepts represent the estimated overall mean level of the initial sexual violence rate and the slopes show the average rate of change in sexual violence rate over time within each region

From: The prevalence rate of sexual violence worldwide: a trend analysis

  Gender Years LGM estimatesa p-value
1993 1999 2005 2011 2017
Human Development > = 0.7 Male 1130 (366.5) 1114.9 (369.8) 1107.6 (375.1) 1102.2 (367.7) 1097.8 (341.5) Intercept:1121.1 < 0.001
Slope: −6.24 0.136
Female 2678.6 (1693.7) 2634.9 (1690) 2665.9 (1707.3) 2612.1 (1722.8) 2602.1 (1709.6) Intercept:2672.5 < 0.001
Slope: − 0.7 0.667
Human Development < 0.7 Male 1258.7 (461.7) 1243.9 (454.8) 1236 (440.4) 1226.6 (419.9) 1221.2 (405.7) Intercept:1252.9 < 0.001
Slope: −8.58 0.205
Female 2973.2 (1699.2) 2933.8 (1663.4) 2963.8 (1695.3) 2900.3 (1661.9) 2915.1 (1670.4) Intercept:2934 < 0.001
Slope:5.1 0.747
  1. aThe LGM results is related to prevalence rates of sexual violence, repeated in every 2 years, from 1993 to 2017