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Table 1 Prevalence rates (per 100,000 persons) of sexual violence as mean (SD) and estimates from the LGM by the regions for trend analysis. The intercepts represent the estimated overall mean level of the initial sexual violence rate and the slopes show the average rate of change in sexual violence rate over time within each region

From: The prevalence rate of sexual violence worldwide: a trend analysis

Region Gender Years LGM estimates p-value
1993 1999 2005 2011 2017
Asia Male 1122.7 (393.8) 1116.9 (385.3) 1116.2 (389.2) 1110.6 (372.5) 1109.9 (365.1) Intercept:1117.89 < 0.001
Slop: −1.66 0.506
Female 2442.8 (2269) 2426.5 (2245.3) 2445 (2294.8) 2402.2 (2169.9) 2424.3 (2217.4) Intercept:2449.1 < 0.001
Slop: −5.6 0.467
Africa Male 1421.8 (412.3) 1397.8 (379.5) 1431.8 (432.2) 1431.2 (423.2) 1415.3 (383.4) Intercept:1421.93 < 0.001
Slop: 3.07 0.660
Female 3350.1 (1653.7) 3342.9 (1598.7) 3343.4 (1637.9) 3410.7 (1810) 3402.2 (1762.2) Intercept:3344.9 < 0.001
Slop: −1.4 0.608
Europe Male 981 (279.3) 935.7 (224.3) 921.3 (207.8) 913.5 (199.4) 908.7 (183.5) Intercept:927.57 < 0.001
Slop: −3.65 0.455
Female 1837.4 (548.7) 1764 (433.8) 1805.8 (505.8) 1742.4 (402.1) 1737.8 (410.4) Intercept: 1709.3 < 0.001
Slop: −4.99 0.624
North America Male 1065.8 (471.7) 1047.4 (460.1) 1026.4 (407.4) 1009.4 (343.6) 1002.1 (316.6) Intercept:1062.82 < 0.001
Slop: −16.97 0.169
Female 3117.8 (1156.1) 3004.3 (1124.5) 3094 (1158.2) 2822.8 (876.3) 2821.4 (811.2) Intercept:3175.5 < 0.001
Slop: −90.1 < 0.001
South America Male 1008.3 (253.3) 971.3 (235.2) 925.4 (208.2) 910 (190.5) 930.4 (172.1) Intercept:999.47 < 0.001
Slop: −30.2 0.590
Female 2635.8 (731) 2499.3 (694.7) 2617.9 (729.1) 2364.6 (675.4) 2349.7 (670.7) Intercept:2531.6 < 0.001
Slop: −32.12 0.223
Australia & Oceania Male 1475.7 (383.7) 1471.8 (383.5) 1468.1 (381.1) 1471.5 (375.8) 1478.4 (371.1) Intercept:1471.65 < 0.001
Slop: −0.02 0.997
Female 4410.3 (1165.3) 4380 (1257.4) 4404.3 (1187.5) 4371.5 (1245.5) 4357.5 (1260.5) Intercept:4386.8 < 0.001
Slop: −5.2 0.593
Globala Male 1193.9 (423.8) 1164.5 (405) 1166.2 (420.1) 1160 (407.1) 1155.3 (186.8) Intercept:1177.7 < 0.001
Slop: −1.6 0.128
Female 2816.1 (1704.5) 2769.6 (1698.3) 2803.8 (1709.8) 2744 (1703.3) 2745 (1699.6) Intercept:2788.9 < 0.001
Slop: −2.1 0.013
  1. aThe LGM results are related to the prevalence rates of sexual violence, repeated in every 2 years, from 1990 to 2017. In the others, the rates repeated in every 6 years, from 1993 to 2017, due to the small sample size consideration.