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Table 3 Financial protection in China and Vietnam

From: Advancing universal health coverage in China and Vietnam: lessons for other countries

  Households experiencing catastrophic health expenditure Household impoverishment due to health expenditure
China Vietnam China Vietnam
2008 2013 2004 2008 2014 2008 2013 2004 2008 2014
Insurance status Insured NAa 4.4% 5.2% 1.6% NAa 4.1% 3.3% 1.7%
Uninsured 8.0% 6.9% 2.3% 5.9% 4.5% 2.1%
By location Rural 10.5% 13.0% 6.6% 6.5% 2.6% 3.1% 5.9% 5.2% 4.5% 2.2%
Urban 16.5% 15.2% 3.1% 3.1% 1.6% 9.7% 7.3% 1.2% 1.1% 0.7%
By income quintile 1st(poorest) 19.5% 26.1% 5.5% 7.8% 2.8% 9.3% 11.9% 6.2% 7.5% 1.8%
2nd 15.5% 15.8% 6.1% 6.0% 2.6% 8.9% 12.0% 12.1% 8.6% 6.4%
3rd 13.4% 12.4% 6.4% 5.5% 2.0% 7.9% 6.9% 2.2% 1.5% 0.3%
4th 12.0% 11.5% 5.5% 4.5% 2.0% 4.8% 3.9% 0.2% 0.1% 0.0%
5th 9.0% 8.1% 4.9% 3.6% 2.0% 2.6% 1.7% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1%
Total   13.5% 14.1% 5.7% 5.5% 2.3% 6.4% 7.0% 4.1% 3.5% 1.7%
  1. Sources: Center for Health Statistics and Information, NHFPC. An Analysis Report of National Health Services Survey in China, 2013 (in Chinese), Health Insurance Statistics 2008–2012, 2013–2014, Vietnam Social Security
  2. aIHE and CHE were calculated based on household, while in China, individuals in the same household may have different insurance schemes therefore this indicator is not available in China