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Table 3 What to do if you are sick

From: Comparative analysis of COVID-19 guidelines from six countries: a qualitative study on the US, China, South Korea, the UK, Brazil, and Haiti

Countries US China South Korea UK Brazil Haiti
Avoid using public transport and crowded places Stay home except to get medical care.
Do not visit public areas.
Avoid public transportation, ride sharing, or taxis.
Immediately go to the designated medical care institution for having specimen collection and lab analysis and follow the quarantine protocols as requested.
Avoid using public transportations and do not go to crowded places
Do not go to school or work avoid outdoor activities Stay at home and do not meet up with other people,
Only go outside for food, health reasons or work (but only if you cannot work from home)
Avoid physical contact with other people, especially the elderly and chronically ill and stay home until you get better Symptoms of acute respiratory infection should be placed under observation or quarantine residential or institutional quarantine
Isolation days and next steps If have had no fever for at least 72 h without use of fever reducing medication, other symptoms improved, and at least 7 days have passed since symptoms first appeared.
OR if no longer have a fever, other symptoms have improved, and receive 2 negative tests in a row, 24 h apart
All family members and close contacts required to take 14-day quarantine Take a rest at home and monitor the symptoms for 3-4 days
Consult with KCDC Call center at 1339, a local code+ 120 or a local health center (visit a triage health center when fever (38 °C) continues, or other symptoms get worse
Stay home 7 days if you have Coronavirus symptoms.
After 7 days, if you feel better, you can start your usual routine again.
All residents are in isolation for 14 days Symptoms of acute respiratory infection should be placed under observation or quarantine residential or institutional quarantine.
Face mask or cloth face covering [Sick person] should wear a cloth face covering, over your nose and mouth if you must be around other people even at home.
The caregiver should wear [for cleaning the sick person’s bathroom] a mask/cloth face covering and wait as long as possible after the sick person has used the bathroom
All family members should wear a disposable medical face mask If necessary [to contact family or others] wear a mask N/A The infected person: Wear a mask at all times Recommended for everyone leaving their home (Update on April 06, 2020)
Use a separate room or bathroom You should stay in a specific “sick room” if possible.
Use a separate bathroom if available
N/A Separate self from others as much as possible. Use a separate bathroom if available (If it is necessary to use a common bathroom, disinfect after use) N/A A room Used for isolation.
In houses with only one room, other residents must sleep in the living room, away from the infected patient
In the room used for insolation, keep the windows open for air circulation. The door must be closed for the duration of the insolation.
N/A
Sharing household items Avoid sharing personal household items: Do not share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, or bedding with other people in your home N/A Avoid sharing personal household items (dishes, drinking glasses, utensils, towels, bedding) and wash Used items thoroughly after use N/A The waste produced by the contaminated patient needs to be separated and disposed. Bath towels, forks, knives, spoons, glasses and other objects used by the patient. Sofas and chairs cannot be shared either. N/A
Sick room ventilation N/A N/A The isolation room must close the door and open window for ventilation N/A In the room used for insolation, keep the windows open for air circulation. The door must be closed for the duration of the isolation. N/A
Cleaning instructions Wash [household] items thoroughly after use (with soap and water or put in the dishwasher).
Clean high-touch surfaces in your isolation area (“sick room” and bathroom) every day; let caregiver clean and disinfect high-touch surfaces in other areas of the home. If a caregiver needs to clean and disinfect a sick person’s bedroom or bathroom, they should do so on an as-needed basis. The caregiver should wear a mask/cloth face covering and wait as long as possible after the sick person has Used the bathroom.
Clean and disinfect areas that may have blood, stool, or body fluids on them
[Confirmed COVID-19 person’s] residence, supplies, cloth, beddings, tableware and other belongings have to take the procedure of final disinfection, for future reuse. If it is necessary to use a common bathroom, disinfect after use.
Wash used [household] items thoroughly after use.
N/A Clean the handle [of the door to the room used for isolation] frequently with 70% alcohol or bleach.
Household furniture needs to be cleaned frequently with bleach or 70% alcohol.
After using the bathroom, never [skip] washing your hands with soap and water and always clean the toilet, sink and other surfaces with alcohol or bleach to disinfect the environment.
N/A
Call center for COVID-19 N/A N/A KCDC Call center at 1339, a local code+ 120 N/A TeleSus 136 Call the Ministry of Public Health’ s center of epidemiology
at 4343 3333
  1. All the information was only extracted from the government’s guidelines. Information from public news or other heath institution guidelines were exclude. The terms were extracted directly from the government guidelines. N/A represents the information did not indicate in the guidelines.
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