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Table 4 The association between the combinations of 3 or higher health behaviors and subjective health perception

From: The association between subjective health perception and lifestyle factors in Shiga prefecture, Japan: a cross-sectional study

Health behavior a n Adjusted OR
(95%CI) b
Exercise Better Diet Low-risk Alcohol Drinking Never Smoking Moderate Sleep Duration   
0 0 0 0 0 85 Reference
1 1 1 0 0 275 0.26 (0.13–0.51) ***
1 0 1 1 0 211 0.35 (0.19–0.66) **
1 0 1 0 1 54 0.40 (0.18–0.90) *
0 1 1 0 1 171 0.87 (0.42–1.81)
0 1 1 1 0 1114 1.02 (0.59–1.77)
0 0 1 1 1 272 1.05 (0.57–1.96)
1 1 1 1 0 549 0.34 (0.18–0.64) ***
1 0 1 1 1 69 0.37 (0.17–0.83) *
1 1 1 0 1 106 0.48 (0.19–1.20)
0 1 1 1 1 323 0.77 (0.39–1.52)
  1. A “1” denotes the presence of the health behavior, and a “0” denotes the absence of the health behavior. OR: Odds ratio, CI: Confidence interval
  2. a Health behavior: Exercise; engaging in 30 min of exercise at least twice a week and continuing for a year, Better Diet; DRIs-J score ≥ median by sex in the participants (7.0 for both sexes), Low-risk Alcohol Drinking; consuming alcohol < 40 g/d for men or < 20 g/d for women, never smoking, and Moderate Sleep Duration; sleeping for ≥7 h/d and < 9 h/d
  3. b Adjusted for sex, age, BMI, and energy intake
  4. * p for trend < 0.05, ** p for trend < 0.01, *** p for trend < 0.001