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Table 3 Crude and adjusted odds ratios (95% CI) for factors associated with IPV among mothers of under-five children

From: Prevalence and determinants of intimate partner violence against mothers of children under-five years in Central Malawi

Variables Model 1
Controlling behavior
Model 2
Psychological violence
Model 3
Physical violence
Model 4
Sexual violence
Crude OR AOR Crude OR AOR Crude OR AOR Crude OR AOR
Partner drinks beer
 No 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Yes 1.73*** 1.07 1.62*** 1.16 1.52** 1.18 1.99*** 2.0***
Partner smoke
 No 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Yes 2.39*** 1.91* 1.78*** 1.17 1.78*** 1.06 1.75* 1.07
Marriage type
 Monogamous 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Polygamous 2.17*** 1.56 1.83*** 1.72 2.1*** 1.06 1.32 1.31
Infidelity partner
 No 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Yes 5.39*** 4.97*** 2.4*** 2.14*** 2.69*** 2.29*** 1.86*** 1.49
Divorced before
 No 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Yes 1.76* 1.81 1.86 1.64 1.71*** 1.37 1.22 1.31
Age of partner
 15–24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 25–34 0.58* 0.77 0.54* 0.70 0.52** 0.74 0.74 1.08
 35–49 0.98 1.08 0.74 0.80 0.63** 0.66 0.61 0.64
Time to fetch water
 30 Minutes or less 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 More than 30 min 2.44*** 2.03*** 2.44*** 1.45 1.85*** 1.59** 2.61*** 2.27***
Mother has confidant
 No 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Yes 1.13 1.09 1.03 1.03 0.67* 0.69 1.13 1.18
  1. *P <.05. **p <.01. ***p <.001
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