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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of mothers, their partners, and children

From: Prevalence and determinants of intimate partner violence against mothers of children under-five years in Central Malawi

Variable Age (years) N = 538 Percentage
Mothers’ characteristics 15–24 224 41.6
25–34 209 38.8
35–49 105 19.5
Education   
No education 81 15.1
Primary 370 68.8
Secondary 87 16.2
Religion   
CCAP 275 51.1
Catholic 63 11.7
Pentecostal churches 200 37.2
Ethnic background   
Chewa 524 97
Other tribes 14 3
Has no confidant 144 26.8
Age comparison with partner   
About the same age 290 53.9
Partner five years older 152 28.4
Partner five years Younger 5 0.9
Partner 6–10 Years older 57 10.6
Children’s characteristics Sex   
Female 263 48.9
Male 275 51.1
Age range   
1–5 72 13.4
6–11 90 16.7
12–23 156 29
24–59 220 40.9
Husbands’ characteristics Age category   
15–24 87 16.2
25–34 245 45.5
35–49 206 38.3
Educational level   
No education 77 14.3
Primary 303 56.3
Secondary 154 28.7
Smoke 138 26.0
Polygamous 119 22
Drink alcohol 230 43
Infidelity 161 30
Household characteristics Poverty level (US$ 1.90/day)   
Below poverty line 515 95.7
Above poverty line 23 4.3
Food insecure 320 59.5
Time taken to draw water (wife)   
<30 min 314 58
≥ 30 min 224 42
Number of children   
One 168 31.2
Two 121 22.5
Three 106 19.8
Four 61 11.3
Five or more 79 14.7
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