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Table 1 General characteristics of study participants, n (%)

From: Assessing the routine-practice gap for home blood pressure monitoring among Chinese adults with hypertension

Characteristics Total subjects Different area
Beijing (N = 761) Jiangsu (N = 758) Shandong (N = 753) P-Value
Sex      0.089
 Male 977 (43.0) 344 (45.2) 333 (43.9) 300 (39.8)  
 Female 1295 (57.0) 417 (54.8) 425 (56.1) 453 (60.2)  
Age group (y)      0.002
 < 65 1091 (48.0) 337 (44.3) 402 (53.0) 352 (46.7)  
 ≥ 65 1181 (52.0) 424 (55.7) 356 (47.0) 401 (53.3)  
Location of living      
 Urban 1141 (50.2) 383 (50.3) 380 (49.8) 378 (50.2) 0.944
 Rural 1131 (49.8) 378 (49.7) 378 (50.2) 375 (49.8)  
Educational level      < 0.001
 Intermediate school or lower 1761 (77.5) 506 (66.5) 550 (72.6) 705 (93.6)  
 Middle and High school 359 (15.8) 175 (23.0) 142 (18.7) 42 (5.6)  
 ≥ College graduate 152 (6.7) 80 (10.5) 66 (8.7) 6 (0.8)  
Duration of hypertension (y)      < 0.001
 < 5 829 (36.5) 226 (29.7) 269 (35.5) 334 (44.4)  
 5–9 673 (29.6) 251 (33.0) 194 (25.6) 228 (30.3)  
 ≥ 10 770 (33.9) 284 (37.3) 295 (38.9) 191 (25.4)  
Family history and medical history
 Family history of ISCVD 390 (17.2) 173 (22.7) 125 (16.5) 92 (12.2) < 0.001
 History of ISCVD 240 (10.6) 118 (15.5) 69 (9.1) 53 (7.0) < 0.001
 History of diabetes 458 (20.2) 190 (25.0) 142 (18.7) 126 (16.7) < 0.001
Lifestyle
 Current smoking 378 (16.6) 89 (11.7) 162 (21.4) 127 (16.9) < 0.001
 Current drinking 412 (18.1) 111 (14.6) 168 (22.2) 133 (17.7) 0.001
 Overweight or obesity 1516 (66.7) 386 (50.7) 518 (68.3) 612 (81.3) < 0.001
  1. ISCVD Ischemic cardiovascular disease, HBPM Home blood pressure monitoring