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Table 2 Unadjusted HRs and 95% CIs on the association between each potential risk factor and health-related LMM and non-health-related LMM (2001–2008)

From: Educational differences in labor market marginalization among mature-aged working men: the contribution of early health behaviors, previous employment histories, and poor mental health

  Health-related LMM
(n = 7713)
HR (95%CI)
Non-health-related LMM
(n = 3526)
HR (95%CI)
Childhood SEP
 Unskilled worker 1.65 (1.46, 1.87) 1.09 (0.93, 1.28)
 Skilled worker 1.60 (1.41, 1.81) 1.07 (0.91, 1.26)
 Low-level non-manual employee 1.23 (1.07, 1.41) 0.98 (0.82, 1.17)
 Intermediate non-manual employee 1.15 (1.01, 1.31) 1.07 (0.91, 1.26)
 High-level non-manual employee (ref) 1.00 1.00
 Farmer 1.71 (1.49, 1.95) 0.73 (0.61, 0.88)
IQ
 High [7–9] (ref) 1.00 1.00
 Medium [4–6] 1.67 (1.58, 1.77) 1.25 (1.15, 1.35)
 Low [1–3] 2.32 (2.17, 2.48) 1.78 (1.62, 1.96)
Health behaviors
 Smoking 1.43 (1.37, 1.50) 1.31 (1.23, 1.41)
 Risky use of alcohol 1.30 (1.23, 1.37) 1.31 (1.21, 1.41)
 BMI ≥25 1.31 (1.20, 1.42) 1.06 (0.93, 1.21)
Low emotional control 1.47 (1.40, 1.54) 1.37 (1.28, 1.47)
Psychiatric diagnosis 1.64 (1.54, 1.74) 1.56 (1.42, 1.72)
Musculoskeletal diagnosis 1.23 (1.16, 1.30) 1.03 (0.94, 1.12)
Employment histories
 Youth unemployment 1.49 (1.40, 1.59) 1.58 (1.44, 1.73)
 Unemployed in young adulthood 1.95 (1.80, 2.11) 3.08 (2.80, 3.40)
 Unemployed in middle adulthood 1.84 (1.74, 1.94) 5.19 (4.85, 5.54)
Health factors
 Long-term sick leave 4.97 (4.75, 5.21) 1.76 (1.63, 1.91)
 Inpatient-care psychiatric diagnosis 2.90 (2.70, 3.13) 2.40 (2.14, 2.69)
  1. LMM Labor market marginalization, BMI Body mass index