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Table 4 Protective Behaviors of Respondents

From: The impacts of knowledge, risk perception, emotion and information on citizens’ protective behaviors during the outbreak of COVID-19: a cross-sectional study in China

Protective Behaviors Mean ± SD of behavior scores N (%) with a behavior score > 3
Total High-risk areas Other Regions p Total High-risk Areas Other Regions p
Avoid crowds 3.97 ± 1.12 4.05 ± 1.15 3.93 ± 1.11 0.005 2074 (72.9) 703 (76.8) 1371 (71.0) 0.001
Wear face mask 3.97 ± 1.23 4.01 ± 1.23 3.95 ± 1.24 0.269 2042 (71.8) 668 (73.0) 1374 (71.2) 0.315
Open house windows 4.01 ± 1.02 4.03 ± 1.04 4.01 ± 1.02 0.644 2158 (75.9) 699 (76.4) 1459 (75.6) 0.642
Maintain physical health 3.77 ± 1.03 3.71 ± 1.04 3.79 ± 1.03 0.037 1791 (63.0) 556 (60.8) 1235 (64.0) 0.096
Follow official advices 4.13 ± 0.98 4.14 ± 0.97 4.13 ± 0.98 0.865 2303 (80.9) 748 (81.7) 1555 (80.6) 0.455
Remind family members and friends to take precautions 4.24 ± 0.96 4.24 ± 0.97 4.24 ± 0.97 0.973 2388 (83.9) 768 (83.9) 1620 (83.9) 0.998
Stay away from others if infected 4.31 ± 1.02 4.31 ± 1.02 4.32 ± 1.01 0.805 2389 (84.0) 762 (83.3) 1627 (84.3) 0.488
Wash hands frequently and stop touching face 4.07 ± 1.02 4.00 ± 1.03 4.11 ± 1.01 0.009 2169 (76.2) 685 (74.9) 1484 (76.9) 0.235
Avoid contact with wild animals 4.47 ± 1.04 4.44 ± 1.08 4.50 ± 1.02 0.143 2477 (87.1) 778 (85.0) 1699 (88.0) 0.026
Total 4.11 ± 0.77 4.10 ± 0.76 4.11 ± 0.77 0.833 2021 (71.0) 653 (71.4) 1368 (70.9) 0.790