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Table 3 Factors associated with malaria infection in Mudzi district, Zimbabwe, 2019

From: Factors associated with malaria infection in Mudzi District, Mashonaland East Zimbabwe, 2019: a case-control study

Variable Exposure Status Cases n = 63 (%) Controls n = 63 (%) cOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
House with open eaves Yes 58 (92) 36 (57) 8.7 (3.1–24.6) * 5.4 (1.2–23.3) **
No 5 (8) 27 (43)
Stagnant water body near house Yes 54 (86) 28 (44) 7.5 (3.2–17.8) * 8.0 (2.3–28.6) **
No 9 (14) 35 (56)
Outdoor activities before dawn and after dusk Yes 55 (87) 33 (52) 6.3 (2.6–15.2) * 8.3 (1.1–62.7) **
No 8 (13) 30 (48)
Evening meals Outdoors 50 (79) 29 (46) 4.5 (2.1–9.9) * 2.4 (0.3–18.3)
Indoors 13 (21) 34 (54)
House Sprayed (IRS) Yes 30 (48) 47 (75) 0.3 (0.2–0.7) * 0.4 (0.1–1.2)
No 33 (52) 16 (25)
Wearing long-sleeved clothes when outdoors Yes 15 (24) 21 (33) 0.3 (0.2–0.7) * 0.2 (0.1–0.4) **
No 48 (76) 42 (67)
Ever received health education on malaria Yes 47 (75) 59 (94) 0.2 (0.1–0.6) * 0.1 (0.0–0.9) **
No 16 (25) 4 (6)
  1. *significant variable in bivariate analysis **significant variable in multivariate analysis
  2. cOR crude odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio