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Table 4 Program impact on household QoL outcomes

From: The impact of the livelihoods and income fortification and socio-civic transformation project on the quality of life, wellbeing, self-esteem, and quality of neighbourhood social environment among the youth in slum areas of in Kampala, Uganda

  Baseline   Follow-up   UDiDb   ADiDba  
Control Intervention Diff (SE) Control Intervention Diff (SE) Mean (SE) p-value Mean (SE) p-value
Psychological wellbeing
 Autonomy 22.75 18.09 −4.67 (0.36) 20.16 26.21 6.06 (0.24) 10.73 (0.43) 0.000 10.73 (0.40) 0.000
 Environmental mastery 22.57 22.58 0.01 (0.34) 20.14 19.43 −0.71 (0.21) −0.72 (0.42) 0.088 −0.72 (0.49) 0.141
 Personal growth 22.90 20.87 −2.04 (0.34) 24.00 27.62 3.62 (0.32) 5.65 (0.49) 0.000 5.65 (0.50) 0.000
 Positive relationships 20.86 22.09 1.23 (0.39) 25.26 21.06 −4.20 (0.25) −5.43 (0.47) 0.000 −5.43 (0.44) 0.000
 Purpose in life 22.49 20.55 −1.93 (0.44) 24.13 27.53 3.40 (0.33) 5.33 (0.56) 0.000 5.33 (0.45) 0.000
 Self-Acceptance 20.97 19.85 −1.12 (0.28) 18.34 22.59 4.24 (0.25) 5.37 (0.38) 0.000 5.37 (0.34) 0.000
Overall Quality of life
 Social relations 64.67 68.67 4.00 (1.26) 69.38 71.95 2.57 (1.01) −1.42 (1.77) 0.422 −1.43 (1.80) 0.430
 Living conditions 60.93 64.66 3.73 (1.44) 64.68 74.01 9.34 (0.87) 5.60 (1.69) 0.001 5.60 (1.77) 0.002
 Personal independence 48.10 56.04 7.94 (2.29) 58.84 61.56 2.72 (0.89) −5.22 (2.31) 0.024 −5.22 (1.77) 0.003
Quality of neighbourhood social environment (%)
 Drugs and substance abuse 8.7 7.5 −1.2 (2.8) 3.8 8.0 4.2 (2.6) 5.4 (4.2) 0.196 5.4 (3.9) 0.169
 Gambling 10.0 17.4 7.4 (3.2) 11.2 17.4 6.2 (3.1) −1.2 (4.6) 0.793 −1.2 (4.7) 0.796
 Neighbourhood safety 76.6 83.9 7.3 (5.2) 89.2 89.9 0.7 (3.5) −6.6 (5.8) 0.254 −6.6 (5.1) 0.197
Self-esteem
 Self Esteem 18.62 14.78 −3.84 (0.36) 21.98 22.77 0.80 (0.27) 4.64 (0.49) 0.000 4.64 (0.52) 0.000
  1. UDiD Unadjusted difference-in-differences
  2. ADiD Adjusted difference-in-differences
  3. a Adjusted for age, gender, years of education, living conditions, marital status, and employment status
  4. b Kernel propensity-score matching DID treatment effects with common support of the propensity scores