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Table 2 Disposal of children’s stool by demographic characteristics

From: Individual and contextual factors associated with disposal of children’s stools in Papua New Guinea: evidence from the 2016–2018 demographic and health survey

Variable Sample (N = 2095) Child stool Disposal practice  
Weighted
N
Weighted
%
Safe(44%, CI = 42.9–45.9) Unsafe (56%, CI = 54.5–58.0%) p-value
Child factors
Childs age in months p < 0.001
 < 12 months 760 34.3 35.4 64.6  
 12-23 months 628 30.0 52.9 47.2  
 24+ months 707 33.8 45.8 54.2  
Sex of child p = 0.948
 Male 1125 53.7 45.35 54.65  
 Female 970 46.3 42.74 57.26  
Maternal factors  
Age of mother in years p < 0.01
 15–19 58 2.9 45.62 54.38  
 20–24 515 24.6 38.16 61.84  
 25–29 624 29.8 44.77 55.23  
 30–34 439 21.0 51.89 48.11  
 35–39 304 14.5 43.12 56.88  
 40+ 154 7.4 40.91 59.09  
Mothers educational level p < 0.05
 No education 619 29.5 37.40 62.60  
 Primary 1030 49.2 45.45 54.55  
 Secondary or higher 446 21.3 50.45 49.55  
Partners educational level p = 0.29
 No education 478 22.8 40.83 59.17  
 Primary 869 41.5 45.33 54.67  
 Secondary/higher 747 35.7 44.88 55.12  
Working status   p = 0.305
 Not working 1438 68.6 44.31 55.69  
 Working 657 31.4 43.76 56.24  
Frequency of reading newspapers p = 0.269
 Not at all 1564 74.7 42.73 57.27  
 Less than once a week 302 14.4 52.57 47.43  
 At least once a week 229 10.9 42.65 57.35  
Frequency of listening to radio p = 0.526
 Not at all 1466 70.0 45.55 54.45  
 Less than once a week 363 17.3 38.95 61.05  
 At least once a week 267 12.7 43.45 56.55  
Frequency of watching television p = 0.139
 Not at all 1733 82.7 45.77 54.23  
 Less than once a week 172 8.2 39.18 60.82  
 At least once a week 191 9.1 33.79 66.21  
Religion     p = 0.852
 Orthodox 558 26.6 47.11 52.89  
 Protestants 1108 52.9 42.62 57.38  
 Other 429 20.5 44.20 55.80  
Visit to health facility for child diarrhea p < 0.01
 No 864 41.3 48.39 51.61  
 Yes 1231 58.7 41.15 58.85  
Contextual factors
Place of residence     p = 0.023
 Urban 207 9.9 36.22 63.78  
 Rural 1888 90.1 45.01 54.99  
Region p < 0.001
 Southern 432 20.6 35.11 64.89  
 Highlands 739 35.3 43.01 56.99  
 Momase 616 29.4 42.63 57.37  
 Islands 308 14.7 62.55 37.45  
Sex of household head p < 0.01
 Male 1837 87.7 42.95 57.05  
 Female 258 12.3 52.58 47.42  
Type of toilet facility p < 0.01
 Improved 570 27.2 42.77 57.23  
 Unimproved 1525 72.8 44.65 55.35  
Source of drinking water p < 0.001
 Improved 403 19.3 31.68 68.32  
 Unimproved 1692 80.8 47.11 52.89  
  1. Source: PDHS (2016–2018)