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Table 1 Baseline sociodemographic characteristics of gardeners and non-gardeners of the JArDinS study

From: Improving lifestyles sustainability through community gardening: results and lessons learnt from the JArDinS quasi-experimental study

  Gardeners (n = 66) Non-gardeners (n = 66) P-valuea
Matching criteria
Individual level 
 Age (year), mean (SD): 44.0 (14.0) 44.9 (13.7) 0.706
 Females, n (%) 50 (75.8) 50 (75.8) 0.808
Household level
 Household structure, n (%):     0.999
 Single adult with no child 25 (37.9) 25 (37.9)  
 Single adult with at least 1 child 6 (9.1) 7 (10.6)  
 > 1 adult with no child 20 (30.3) 20 (30.3)  
 > 1 adult with at least 1 child 15 (22.7) 14 (21.2)  
 Household income (€/month/consumption unit), n (%):    0.605
 < 1110 14 (21.2) 11 (16.7)  
 1110–1999 29 (43.9) 26 (39.4)  
 2000–2699 11 (16.7) 17 (25.8)  
 ≥ 2700 10 (15.2) 9 (13.6)  
 NA 2 (3.0) 3 (4.5)  
 Other sociodemographic characteristics
 Individual level
 Education level, n (%):    
 Elementary school 1 (1.5) 1 (1.5) 0.049b
 Secondary school 15 (22.7) 6 (9.1)  
 University or equivalent 50 (75.8) 59 (89.4)  
 BMI (kg/m2) 22.6 (3.0) 23.8 (4.0) 0.046
 No meat or fish eater, n (%) 13 (19.7) 8 (12.1) 0.157
 Experience in gardening, n (%):    1.000c
 Beginner 47 (71.2) 47 (71.2)  
 Intermediate 19 (28.8) 17 (25.8)  
 Advanced 0 2 (3.0)  
 Household level
 Percentage of meals consumed outside of the home in total household meals (%), mean (SD) 16.4 (11.7) 20.6 (15.3) 0.033
  1. a P-value for the difference between the two groups using paired t-test for age and BMI, and McNemar test for other variables
  2. b The first two categories were grouped together for statistical analysis
  3. c The last two categories were grouped together for statistical analysis