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Table 1 Socio-demographic information of HIV-positive women enrolled in this study in Malawi (n = 128)

From: Social determinants of male partner attendance in women’s prevention-of mother-to-child transmission program in Malawi

  All (n = 128) Women accompanied by the male partners (n = 82) Women not accompanied by the male partner (n = 46) P-valuea
Socio-demographics variables
Age Median (IQR) 27.8 (22.8–32.3) 27.4 (22.0–32.3) 28.6 (24.6–32.3) 0.356
Educational level     0.823
 No education/ Primary 60 (46.9) 39 (47.6) 21 (45.6)  
 Secondary/Pre-University 65 (50.8) 41 (50.0) 24 (52.2)  
 Missing 3 (2.3) 2 (2.4) 1 (2.2)  
Healthcare center location     0.302
 Machinjiri 74 (57.8) 36 (43.9) 38 (82.6)  
 Chileka 35 (27.3) 31 (37.8) 4 (8.6)  
 Balaka 12 (9.4) 10 (12.2) 2 (4.4)  
 Blantyre 7 (5.5) 5 (6.1) 2 (4.4)  
Employment Status     0.031
 Employed 91 (71.1) 63 (76.9) 28 (60.9)  
 Unemployed 31 (24.2) 14 (17.0) 17 (37.0)  
 Missing 6 (4.7) 5 (6.1) 1 (2.1)  
Partner’s Employment     0.359
 Employed 45 (35.2) 25 (30.5) 20 (43.5)  
 Unemployed 70 (54.7) 48 (58.5) 22 (47.8)  
 Missing 13 (10.1) 9 (11.0) 4 (8.7)  
Size of your family     0.280
 0–3 31 (24.2) 23 (28.0) 8 (17.4)  
  > 3 96 (75.0) 59 (72.0) 37 (80.4)  
 Missing 1 (0.8) 0(0) 1 (2.2)  
Travel time to the facility (minutes)     0.151
 0–89 min 92 (71.9) 55 (67.1) 37 (80.4)  
  > 89 min 34 (26.5) 26 (31.7) 8 (17.4)  
 Missing 2 (1.6) 1 (1.2) 1 (2.2)  
Owning a means of transport     0.003
 No 109 (85.2) 75 (91.5) 34 (73.9)  
 Yes 16 (12.5) 5 (6.0) 11 (23.9)  
 Missing 3 (2.3) 2 (2.5) 1 (2.2)  
Means of transport     0.494
 Minibus, motorbike 115 (89.8) 74 (90.3) 41 (89.1)  
 Bike, by foot, other 11 (8.6) 6 (7.3) 5 (10.9)  
 Missing 2 (1.6) 2 (2.4) 0 (0)  
Electricity available in the dwelling     0.167
 Yes 77 (60.2) 29 (35.4) 22 (47.8)  
 No 51 (39.8) 53 (64.6) 24 (52.2)  
Knowledge, attitude and practice toward HIV
Knowledge     0.040
 Low 68 (53.1) 38 (46.3) 30 (65.2)  
 High 60 (46.9) 44 (53.7) 16 (34.8)  
Attitude     0.214
 Negative 52 (40.6) 30 (36.6) 22 (47.8)  
 Positive 76 (59.4) 52 (63.4) 24 (52.2)  
Practice     0.836
 Risky 68 (53.1) 43 (52.4) 25 (54.3)  
 Safe 60 (46.9) 39 (47.6) 21 (45.7)  
Total 128 (100.0) 82 (100.0) 46 (100.0)  
  1. a Chi-square or Wilcoxon rank sum test