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Table 4 Sensitivity analysis- Racial discrimination measure removing one type of discriminatory experience in turn

From: Racial discrimination and health: a prospective study of ethnic minorities in the United Kingdom

   Model 1 (excluding feeling unsafe) Model 2 (excluding avoiding someplace) Model 3 (excluding being insulted) Model 4 (excluding being attacked)
Cross-sectional analyses (wave 1)
 Psychological distress Coeff. [95%CI] 1.22 (0.96; 1.48)*** 1.10 (0.87; 1.34)*** 1.16 (0.90; 1.41)*** 1.11 (0.88; 1.34)***
 Mental functioning Coeff. [95%CI] −3.53 (−4.30; −2.75)*** − 3.64 (− 4.33; − 2.95)*** −3.90 (− 4.65; − 3.16)*** −3.61 (− 4.30; − 2.93)***
 Life satisfaction Coeff. [95%CI] −0.43 (− 0.57; − 0.30)*** −0.40 (− 0.52; − 0.27)*** −0.39 (− 0.53; − 0.25)*** −0.39 (− 0.52; − 0.27)***
 Limiting longstanding illness OR [95%CI] 1.82 (1.51; 2.24)*** 1.72 (1.43; 2.06)*** 1.69 (1.39; 2.05)*** 1.78 (1.49; 2.13)***
 Physical functioning Coeff. [95%CI] −0.75 (− 1.47; − 0.03)* −0.79 (− 1.43; − 0.15)* −1.20 (− 1.90; − 0.49)*** −0.90 (− 1.54; − 0.26)**
 Fair/poor self-rated health OR [95%CI] 1.59 (1.28; 1.96)*** 1.48 (1.22; 1.79)*** 1.57 (1.27; 1.94)*** 1.51 (1.23; 1.83)***
Prospective analyses (wave 3)
 Psychological distress Coeff. [95%CI] 0.37 (0.01; 0.73)* 0.52 (0.20; 0.85)** 0.62 (0.27; 0.97)*** 0.51 (0.19; 0.83)**
 Mental functioning Coeff. [95%CI] −1.33 (− 2.38; −0.28)* −1.80 (− 2.74; − 0.86)*** −2.14 (− 3.16; − 1.13)*** −1.71 (− 2.65; − 0.78)***
 Life satisfaction Coeff. [95%CI] −0.16 (− 0.35; 0.04) −0.12 (− 0.30; 0.06) −0.13 (− 0.33; 0.06) −0.14 (− 0.31; − 0.04)
 Limiting longstanding illness OR [95%CI] 1.34 (1.01; 1.78)* 1.37 (1.06; 1.77)* 1.34 (1.02; 1.78)* 1.33 (1.04; 1.73)*
 Physical functioning Coeff. [95%CI] − 1.07 (− 2.02; −0.12)* −0.42 (− 1.27; 0.43) −0.50 (− 1.43; 0.43) −0.51 (− 1.35; 0.33)
 Fair/poor self-rated health OR [95%CI] 1.25 (0.93; 1.68) 1.33 (1.02; 1.72)* 1.46 (1.10; 1.93)** 1.32 (1.02; 1.72)*
  1. All analyses are adjusted for age, sex, household income, education and ethnicity. Prospective analyses are additionally adjusted for baseline status/score
  2. Model 1 excludes “felt unsafe at some place” from the measure of racial discrimination; Model 2 excludes “avoided some place”; Model 3 excludes ““was insulted at some place”; and Model 4 excludes “was attacked at some place
  3. Coeff unstandardized B coefficient, CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio, SE standard error
  4. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  5. Possible scores on the psychological distress scale range from 0 to 12, possible scores on the mental functioning and physical functioning scales range from 0 to 100, and the life satisfaction scale scores range from 0 to 7