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Table 2 Characteristics of the racial discrimination groups by health outcomes

From: Racial discrimination and health: a prospective study of ethnic minorities in the United Kingdom

  Wave 1 Wave 3
n No racial discrimination N Racial discrimination n No racial discrimination n Racial discrimination
Mental health measures
 Psychological distress
 Mean score (SE) 2486 1.57 (0.06) 715 2.68 (0.10) 1163 1.75 (0.08) 370 2.27 (0.14)
 Mental functioning
 Mean score (SE) 3848 50.98 (0.16) 994 47.36 (0.31) 1605 49.17 (0.23) 485 47.43 (0.41)
 Life satisfaction
 Mean score (SE) 2475 5.16 (0.03) 712 4.76 (0.06) 1158 4.91 (0.04) 376 4.77 (0.08)
Impairment measure
 Limiting longstanding illness
 % (SE) 3884 20.3 (0.01) 996 28.3 (0.01) 2245 22.9 (0.01) 586 26.1 (0.01)
Physical health measures
 Physical functioning
 Mean score (SE) 3848 50.71 (0.15) 994 49.85 (0.29) 1605 49.74 (0.21) 485 49.29 (0.37)
 Self-rated health
 % (SE) 3884 18.6 (0.01) 998 23.4 (0.01) 2245 21.3 (0.01) 588 24.0 (0.01)
  1. SE Standard error
  2. Possible scores on the psychological distress scale range from 0 to 12, possible scores on the mental functioning and physical functioning scales range from 0 to 100, and the life satisfaction scale scores range from 0 to 7