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Table 3 Predictors of underweight among Ugandan women aged 20–49 years

From: Factors associated with undernutrition among 20 to 49 year old women in Uganda: a secondary analysis of the Uganda demographic health survey 2016

Characteristics Crude model (n = 4640)
OR (95%CI)
P-value Model 1a (n = 4640)
OR 1 (95%CI)
Sensitivity Model 2b (n = 3327)
OR 2 (95%CI)
Age   0.131   
 40 to 49 1   1 1
 30 to 39 0.76 (0.54–1.06)   0.83 (0.59–1.17) 0.78 (0.55–1.10)
 20 to 29 0.74 (0.55–1.00)   0.92 (0.66–1.28) 0.76 (0.54–1.07)
Education Level   < 0.001   
 Higher 1   1 1
 Secondary 1.50 (0.66–3.43)   1.43 (0.63–3.23) 1.29 (0.56–2.96)
 Primary 2.56 (1.17–5.57)   1.58 (0.75–3.30) 1.42 (0.66–3.07)
 No Education 4.00 (1.77–9.07)   2.16 (0.97–4.81) 1.96 (0.85–4.50)
Marital Status   0.409   
 Not married 1   1 1
 Married 0.89 (0.68–1.17)   0.81 (0.60–1.11) 0.89 (0.65–1.22)
Working Status   0.334   
 Working 1   1 1
 Not working 0.84 (0.59–1.20)   1.09 (0.75–1.58) 1.06 (0.73–1.54)
Region   < 0.001   
 Northern 1   1 1
 Western 0.25 (0.18–0.35)   0.30 (0.20–0.44) * 0.35 (0.24–0.51)
 Eastern 0.34 (0.23–0.50)   0.42 (0.28–0.63) * 0.44 (0.29–0.67)
Central 0.25 (0.16–0.39)   0.42 (0.25–0.72) * 0.51 (0.30–0.89)
Household Size   0.04   
 Less than 6 1   1 1
 Six and above 1.29 (1.01–1.65)   1.13 (0.88–1.46) 1.13 (0.87–1.45)
Wealth Index   < 0.001   
 Richest 1   1 1
 Richer 1.41 (0.80–2.49)   1.56 (0.86–2.83) 1.20 (0.63–2.27)
 Middle 2.15 (1.24–3.71)   2.49 (1.25–4.99) * 1.75 (0.85–3.62)
 Poorer 3.24 (1.92–5.46)   3.07 (1.57–5.97) * 2.00 (0.99–4.01)
 Poorest 5.28 (3.25–8.57)   3.60 (1.85–7.00) * 2.24 (1.12–4.48)
Residence   0.05   
 Urban 1   1 1
 Rural 1.43 (0.99–2.04)   0.63 (0.41–0.96) * 0.60 (0.39–0.94) *
 Male 1   1 1
 Female 1.18 (0.91–1.54)   1.16 (0.85–1.60) 1.15 (0.83–1.59)
  1. * = Significant at p-value < 0.05, Final model - Adjusted for residence, region, sex of household, household size, occupation, marital status, age, education level and wealth index. Sensitivity model – Included only women with low and normal BMI and excluded women with BMI above 25.0. AOR Adjusted odds ratio. COR Crude Odds Ratio