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Table 2 Number of people with recorded data and estimated after weighting mean (95% CI) and prevalence (95% CI) of cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors overall and by sex

From: High prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in adults living in Greece: the EMENO National Health Examination Survey

  Men Women Total P-value*
N Estimates N Estimates Estimates
SBP* (mm Hg) (Mean; 95% CI) 2031 131.3 (130.5, 132.2) 2722 125.2 (124.2, 126.1) 128.1 (127.5, 128.8) < 0.001
DBP* (mm Hg) (Mean; 95% CI) 2031 80.3 (79.7, 80.9) 2722 74.9 (74.4, 75.4) 77.5 (77.1, 77.9) < 0.001
Hypertension Prevalence (%) (Estimate; 95% CI) 2006 42.4 (39.8, 45.1) 2693 36.1 (34.0, 38.3) 39.2 (37.4, 40.9) < 0.001
Hypertension Prevalence (% among 18–69 yrs) (Estimate; 95% C) 1573 34.8 (32.1, 37.6) 2155 25.5 (23.0, 27.0) 29.9 (28.2, 31.6) < 0.001
HDL cholesterol (Mean; 95% CI) 1896 44.3 (43.4, 45.0) 2525 53.3 (52.5, 54.0) 48.9 (48.2, 49.5) < 0.001
Total serum cholesterol (mg/dL) (Mean; 95% CI) 1896 192.9 (190.1, 195.6) 2525 194.2 (191.9, 196.4) 193.5 (191.6, 195.5) 0.410
Prevalence TC ≥190 mg/dL or medication (estimate; 95% CI) 1851 59.5 (56.5,62.4) 2477 60.9 (58.4,63.3) 60.2 (58.2,62.2) 0.449
Prevalence of TC ≥240 mg/dL or medication (estimate; 95% CI) 1851 27.3 (24.9,29.7) 2477 28.3 (26.4,30.3) 27.8 (26.2,29.4) 0.472
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) (Mean; 95% CI) 1065 94.8 (92.8, 96.8) 1319 91.2 (90.0, 92.5) 93.1 (91.9, 94.3) 0.002
HbA1c (%) (Mean; 95% CI) 1873 5.4 (5.4, 5.5) 2470 5.4 (5.4, 5.4) 5.4 (5.4, 5.4) 0.115
Prevalence of diabetes mellitus (%), (Estimate; 95% CI) 1888 12.4 (11.0,14.0) 2505 10.9 (9.6,12.3) 11.6 (10.7,12.7) 0.131
BMI (kg/m2) (Mean; 95% CI) 2039 28.3 (28.0, 28.5) 2726 28.1 (27.8, 28.4) 28.2 (28.0, 28.4) 0.395
Overweight (%) (Estimate; 95% CI) 2039 45.0 (42.5,47.5) 2726 30.6 (28.7,32.6) 37.6 (35.9,39.2) < 0.001
Obesity (%) (Estimate; 95% CI) 2039 30.5 (28.3,32.9) 2726 33.6 (31.6,35.7) 32.1 (30.5,33.8) 0.036
Current smokers (%) (Estimate; 95% CI) 2065 44.0 (41.6,46.4) 2757 32.7 (30.5,35.0) 38.2 (36.5,39.9) < 0.001
  1. *Comparison between men and women