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Table 1 General characteristics of participants according to sex at baseline

From: Long-term incidence of cardiovascular outcomes in the middle-aged and elderly with different patterns of physical activity: Tehran lipid and glucose study

Age groups Male Female
40–60 > 60 P- value 40–60 > 60 P-value
Education    < 0.001    < 0.001
 Illiterate/primary 463 (39.1) 449 (79.0)   1190 (66.6) 517 (96.6)  
 Secondary/diploma 482 (40.7) 73 (12.9)   487 (27.3) 13 (2.4)  
 Higher 238 (20.1) 46 (8.1)   110 (6.2) 5 (0.9)  
Marital status    0.002    < 0.001
 Single 13 (1.1) 2 (0.4)   41 (2.3) 3 (0.6)  
 Married 1157 (97.8) 547 (96.3)   1547 (86.6) 306 (57.2)  
 Divorced/widowed 13 (1.1) 19 (3.3)   199 (11.1) 226 (42.2)  
Job status    0.04    < 0.001
 Employed 1157 (97.8) 547 (96.3)   320 (17.9) 139 (26.0)  
 Unemployed 26 (2.2) 21 (3.7)   1467 (82.1) 396 (74.0)  
Physical activity    < 0.001    0.009
 Low 536 (47.4) 171 (35.6)   516 (29.8) 171 (35.6)  
 Moderate 337 (29.8) 199 (41.5)   980 (56.5) 199 (41.5)  
 High 258 (22.8) 110 (22.9)   238 (13.7) 110 (22.9)  
Current smoking    < 0.001    0.09
 Yes 339 (28.7) 82 (14.4)   69 (3.9) 13 (2.14)  
 No 844 (71.3) 486 (85.6)   1718 (96.1) 522 (97.6)  
Family history    0.001    0.002
 Yes 156 (13.2) 41 (7.2)   164 (9.2) 23 (4.3)  
 No 1027 (86.8) 527 (92.8)   1623 (90.8) 512 (95.7)  
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± SD for continuous variables and n (%) for categorical variables