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Table 3 Logistic Regression Model of Independent Variables Associated with Cervical Cancer Screening Participation in Iranian Women

From: Disparities in cervical cancer screening participation in Iran: a cross-sectional analysis of the 2016 nationwide STEPS survey

Variable aOR 95% Confidence Interval p-value
Lower Upper
Age group
 30–39 1    
 40–49 1.11 1.001 1.248 0.48
 50–59 0.91 0.803 1.035 0.15
Marital status
 Single 1    
 Married 45.84 29.460 71.342 < 0.001
 Widowed 30.30 18.723 49.056 < 0.001
 Divorced 32.82 19.919 54.103 < 0.001
Education
 Illiterate 1    
 1–6 years 1.76 1.531 2.029 < 0.001
 6–12 years 2.47 2.088 2.932 < 0.001
  > 12 years 2.24 1.803 2.786 < 0.001
Employment
 Unemployed 1    
 Employed .83 .714 .986 0.03
 Retired 1.07 .713 1.622 0.72
 Student .92 .423 2.019 0.84
Primary Insurance
 No 1    
 Yes 1.50 1.245 1.808 < 0.001
Complementary Insurance
 No 1    
 Yes 1.21 1.072 1.369 < 0.001
Residence
 Urban 1    
 Rural 1.08 .969 1.216 0.15
Socio-economic Quintiles
 Lowest 1    
 Low 0.76 0.668 0.883 < 0.001
 Middle 0.72 0.630 0.842 < 0.001
 High 0.51 0.444 0.604 < 0.001
 Highest 0.44 0.377 0.528 < 0.001
Constant 0.01    < 0.001
  1. aOR adjusted Odds Ratio