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Table 2 Cervical Cancer Screening Participation of Women aged 18 and above by Province and Urban-Rural Areas

From: Disparities in cervical cancer screening participation in Iran: a cross-sectional analysis of the 2016 nationwide STEPS survey

Province n Provincial Participation rate Urban
Participation rate
Rural Participation rate P-value
Alborz 511 44.4% 45.8% 31.3% 0.054
Ardabil 231 36.8% 40.0% 30.9% 0.169
Bushehr 209 37.8% 42.3% 29.2% 0.062
Chaharmahaal and Bakhtiari 330 42.7% 38.8% 48.5% 0.079
East-Azerbaijan 677 34.7% 36.6% 30.7% 0.134
Fars 938 54.8% 55.0% 54.5% 0.884
Gilan 485 43.9% 46.6% 39.6% 0.127
Golestan 304 29.3% 32.1% 26.2% 0.261
Hamadan 344 47.1% 52.4% 39.1% 0.015
Hormozgan 304 25.3% 32.3% 18.1% 0.005
Ilam 231 45.9% 53.6% 34.4% 0.004
Isfahan 985 61.2% 61.1% 62.2% 0.798
Kerman 535 24.5% 32.1% 14.1% < 0.001
Kermanshah 384 44.3% 45.6% 41.5% 0.447
Khorasan-Razavi 1097 37.8% 42.6% 25.6% < 0.001
Khuzestan 799 34.4% 36.3% 30.2% 0.095
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad 275 53.5% 53.8% 53.0% 0.892
Kurdistan 298 37.2% 41.6% 28.1% 0.025
Lorestan 332 35.2% 37.9% 31.0% 0.198
Markazi 276 42.8% 46.2% 33.8% 0.060
Mazandaran 581 44.4% 46.8% 41.7% 0.219
Qazvin 231 52.4% 50.0% 58.0% 0.267
Semnan 247 40.1% 39.2% 43.1% 0.591
Sistan and Baluchestan 409 7.6% 6.8% 8.3% 0.561
South-Khorasan 618 35.4% 39.4% 31.2% 0.033
Tehran 2313 51.4% 51.5% 49.7% 0.634
West-Azerbaijan 578 25.4% 28.0% 20.8% 0.055
Yazd 358 41.3% 41.1% 42.6% 0.823
Zanjan 380 32.6% 36.1% 26.8% 0.059
Total 15,260 41.6% 44.7% 34.3% < 0.001
  1. N number of women interviewed in each province; P-value obtained from Pearson Chi-Square test