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Table 2 Self-reported level of stress, anxiety, and depression in study population collected using the DASS-21 questionnaire

From: The burden and predisposing factors of non-communicable diseases in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences personnel: a prospective 15-year organizational cohort study protocol and baseline assessment

Variable Total (n = 3353) Male (n = 1545) Female (n = 1808) P-value a
Depression (0–42)
 Normal 1578 (47.1%) 788 (51%) 790 (43.7%) < 0.001
 Mild 696 (20.8%) 311 (20.1%) 385 (21.3%)
 Moderate 702 (20.9%) 302 (19.5%) 400 (22.1%)
 Severe 271 (8.1%) 107 (6.9%) 164 (9.1%)
 Extremely Severe 106 (3.2%) 37 (2.4%) 69 (3.8%)
Anxiety (0–42)
 Normal 1200 (35.8%) 600 (38.8%) 600 (33.2%) < 0.001
 Mild 360 (10.7%) 162 (10.5%) 198 (11%)
 Moderate 750 (22.4%) 345 (22.3%) 405 (22.4%)
 Severe 491 (14.6%) 225 (14.6%) 266 (14.7%)
 Extremely Severe 552 (16.5%) 213 (13.8%) 339 (18.8%)
Stress (0–42)
 Normal 2771 (82.6%) 1315 (85.1%) 1456 (80.5%) 0.001
 Mild 276 (8.2%) 117 (7.6%) 159 (8.8%)
 Moderate 217 (6.5%) 89 (5.8%) 128 (7.1%)
 Severe 78 (2.3%) 21 (1.4%) 57 (3.2%)
 Extremely Severe 11 (0.3%) 3 (0.2%) 8 (0.4%)
  1. Notes: Values are presented as mean ± SD or N (%)
  2. aAnalysis by independent-samples T test or Chi-square test